Outline of Japan

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Japan (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of Japan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Japan:

Japan – an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean. It lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin" (because it lies to the east of nearby countries), which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which together comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area.

General reference[edit]

Geography of Japan[edit]

An enlargeable topographic/hydrographic map of Japan
An enlargeable map of the extreme points of Japan

Geography of Japan

Environment of Japan[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Japan
Mount Ontake seen from Kurakake Pass

Environment of Japan

Geographic features of Japan[edit]

An enlargeable map of the World Heritage Sites of Japan

Regions of Japan[edit]

Tsunami wall at Tsu, Mie

The four main islands of Japan are:

Major regions of Japan include:

Ecoregions of Japan[edit]

Ecoregions of Japan

Administrative divisions of Japan[edit]

Prefectures of Japan

Prefectures of Japan[edit]
Map of the prefectures of Japan in ISO 3166-2:JP order and the regions of Japan

From north to south (numbering in ISO 3166-2:JP order), the prefectures of Japan and their commonly associated regions are:


1. Hokkaido


2. Aomori
3. Iwate
4. Miyagi
5. Akita
6. Yamagata
7. Fukushima


8. Ibaraki
9. Tochigi
10. Gunma
11. Saitama
12. Chiba
13. Tokyo
14. Kanagawa


15. Niigata
16. Toyama
17. Ishikawa
18. Fukui
19. Yamanashi
20. Nagano
21. Gifu
22. Shizuoka
23. Aichi


24. Mie
25. Shiga
26. Kyoto
27. Osaka
28. Hyōgo
29. Nara
30. Wakayama


31. Tottori
32. Shimane
33. Okayama
34. Hiroshima
35. Yamaguchi


36. Tokushima
37. Kagawa
38. Ehime
39. Kōchi

Kyushu & Okinawa

40. Fukuoka
41. Saga
42. Nagasaki
43. Kumamoto
44. Ōita
45. Miyazaki
46. Kagoshima
47. Okinawa

Karafuto, a portion of the island of Sakhalin north of Hokkaido (not shown on the map), was part of Japan from 1907 until World War II. The entire island is now governed by Russia.

Municipalities of Japan[edit]
Cities of Japan

Municipalities of Japan

Demography of Japan[edit]

Demographics of Japan

Government and politics of Japan[edit]

Politics of Japan

Branches of the government of Japan[edit]

Government of Japan

Executive branch of the government of Japan[edit]

Present Kantei, office and residence of the Prime Minister.

Legislative branch of the government of Japan[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Japan[edit]

Foreign relations of Japan[edit]

Dish of whale meat

Foreign relations of Japan

International organization membership of Japan[edit]

Japan is a member of:[3]

Law and order of Japan[edit]

Motorcycle policeman questioning driver

Law of Japan

Military of Japan[edit]

Military of Japan

History of Japan[edit]

Japanese bushi in armour

History of Japan by period[edit]

Culture of Japan[edit]

Woman in kimono at Fukuoka City Hall.

Culture of Japan

Architecture of Japan[edit]

Himeji Castle (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Architecture of Japan

Art of Japan[edit]

Kabuki theatre
mask, Bern Historical Museum

Cuisine of Japan[edit]

A traditional Japanese breakfast
Kuzumochi, a dessert traditionally served chilled

Japanese cuisine

Cultural icons of Japan[edit]

Sōraku-en rhododendron garden
Sakura at Tsu Castle

Fashion in Japan[edit]

A woman wearing kimono

Holidays and festivals of Japan[edit]

Momijigari at Ryōan-ji in Kyoto

Homes in Japan[edit]

Byōbu, an eight-panel folding screen from the 19th century
Sōgetsu-ryū ikebana arrangement

Housing in Japan

Language in Japan[edit]

Languages of Japan

People of Japan[edit]

Ethnicity in Japan[edit]

Stereotypes in Japan[edit]

A geisha and a maiko dancing

Religion in Japan[edit]

Religion in Japan

Sports and gaming in Japan[edit]

Aikido, a modern Japanese martial art

Sports in Japan

Economy and infrastructure of Japan[edit]

Lexus LF-LC concept, a two-door coupé produced by Lexus
Tokyo Skytree, the tallest structure in Japan

Economy of Japan

Education in Japan[edit]

Japanese junior high school students in sailor outfit-style school uniforms

Structure of education in Japan[edit]

Health in Japan[edit]

Health in Japan

Science and technology of Japan[edit]

JAXA Kibo, the largest module for the International Space Station

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Facts and Figures of Japan 2007 01: Land" (PDF). Foreign Press Center Japan. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
  2. ^ "Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications". United Nations Statistics Division. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  3. ^ "Japan". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 14, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Japan