Partnership for Peace

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Partnership for Peace stamp from Moldova

The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 21 states are members.[1] It was first discussed by the Bulgarian Society Novae, after being proposed as an American initiative at the meeting of NATO defense ministers in Travemünde, Germany, on 20–21 October 1993, and formally launched on 10–11 January 1994 NATO summit in Brussels, Belgium.[2] According to declassified U.S. State Department records, President Bill Clinton characterized the Partnership for Peace as a "track that will lead to NATO membership" and that "does not draw another line dividing Europe a few hundred miles to the east." [3]


NATO builds relationships with partners through military-to-military cooperation on training, exercises, disaster planning and response, science and environmental issues, professionalization, policy planning, and relations with civilian government.[4]


Current members[edit]

Former republics of the Soviet Union[edit]

Former republics of Yugoslavia[edit]

European Union members[edit]

European Free Trade Association member[edit]

Membership history[edit]

Thirteen former member states of the PfP (namely Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia), have subsequently joined NATO. On April 26, 1995 Malta became a member of PfP;[6] it left on October 27, 1996 in order to maintain its neutrality.[7] On March 20, 2008 Malta decided to reactivate their PfP membership;[8] this was accepted by NATO at the summit in Bucharest on April 3, 2008.[9] During the NATO summit in Riga on November 29, 2006, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia were invited to join PfP,[10] which they did[5] on December 14, 2006.[11]

Aspiring members[edit]

Former members[edit]

Countries that became full NATO members on March 12, 1999[edit]

Countries that became full NATO members on March 29, 2004[edit]

Countries that became full NATO members on April 1, 2009[edit]

Country that became full NATO member on June 5, 2017[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by 103 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  1. ^ North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (2009-12-03). "Partner countries". Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  2. ^ Borawski, John (April 1995). "Partnership for Peace and beyond". International Affairs. Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944–. 71 (2): 233–246. JSTOR 2623432.
  3. ^ [1], "NATO Expansion: What Yeltsin Heard," Svetlana Savranskaya and Tom Blanton, The National Security Archive
  4. ^ http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50349.htm
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai "Signatures of Partnership for Peace Framework Document". North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  6. ^ a b North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (1995-04-26). "Secretary General's Council Welcoming Remarks, Visit by Maltese Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor Guido de Marco, Wednesday, April 26, 1995". Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  7. ^ a b Bohlen, Celestine (1996-11-12). "New Malta Chief Focuses on Neutrality". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-05. Within hours of taking office, Mr. Sant withdrew Malta's membership in Partnership for Peace, a NATO military cooperation program that is so loosely defined that its sign-up list now spans the spectrum from Russia to Switzerland. [...] Mr. Sant says none of those moves should be interpreted as anti-European or anti-American, but simply as the best way of insuring Malta's security.
  8. ^ a b Gambin, Karl (2008-04-03). "Malta reactivates Partnership for Peace membership". DI-VE. Retrieved 2008-04-03. The cabinet has agreed to reactivate its membership in the Partnership for Peace which was withdrawn in 1996, the government said on Thursday.
  9. ^ a b North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2008-04-03). "Malta re-engages in the Partnership for Peace Programme". Retrieved 2008-04-03. At the Bucharest Summit, NATO Heads of State and Government welcomed Malta’s return to the Partnership for Peace Programme. At Malta's request, the Allies have re-activated Malta's participation in the Partnership for Peace Programme (PfP).
  10. ^ North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2006-11-29). "Alliance offers partnership to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia". Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  11. ^ Associated Press (2006-12-14). "Serbia inducted into NATO". Retrieved 2006-12-14.
  12. ^ "Cypriot parliament votes to join NATO's Partnership for Peace". SETimes. 2011-02-25. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  13. ^ "Cyprus – Vouli Antiprosopon (House of Representatives)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
  14. ^ Dempsey, Judy (2012-11-24). "Between the European Union and NATO, Many Walls". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  15. ^ Kambas, Michele; Babington, Deepa (2013-02-24). "Cypriot conservative romps to presidential victory". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
  16. ^ "Hoxhaj në Lituani, merr përkrahje për MSA-në dhe vizat (Video)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
  17. ^ "Kosovo seeks to join international organisations". Turkish Weekly. 2012-07-19. Archived from the original on 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  18. ^ "Kosovo looking to join the Adriatic Charter". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  19. ^ Thaçi, Hashim. "Prioritetet e reja të Politikës së Jashtme të Kosovës". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo.

External links[edit]