Pedro Avilés Pérez

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Pedro Avilés Pérez
Born (1938-07-13)July 13, 1938
Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico[1]
Died September 15, 1978(1978-09-15) (aged 40)[2]
Culiacan, Sinaloa.
Cause of death Shot by Federal Police.
Nationality Mexican
Citizenship Mexican
Occupation Drug trafficking
Known for Drug lord; pioneered the use of aircraft to smuggle drugs to the United States.
Partner(s) Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, Rafael Caro Quintero.

Pedro Avilés Pérez was a Mexican drug lord in the state of Sinaloa in the late 1960s. He is considered to be the first generation of major Mexican drug smugglers of marijuana.[3] He was also the first known drug lord to use an aircraft to smuggle drugs to the United States.[4]

Second generation Sinaloan traffickers such as Rafael Caro Quintero and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo would claim they learned all they knew about drug trafficking while serving in the Avilés organization. Killed in a shootout with the Federal Police in September 1978,[4] it is believed Avilés was set up by Fonseca, the cartel's treasurer. Rafael Caro Quintero, Aviles' foreman in Chihuahua began acquiring marijuana and poppy plantations. Corruption of state officials was brokered by Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, an emerging capo who had spent time in Sinaloa working as a Sinaloan State Police trooper and serving as body guard to Leopoldo Sánchez Celis, governor of Sinaloa.

The 2001 movie La Clave 7 (Code 7) is the story of the effort by the Mexican Army to bring down Pedro Avilés Pérez, directed and played by actor Jorge Reynoso.


  1. ^ "Cuna de narcos se hunde en la miseria". El Universal (in Spanish). 20 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Mitología del "narcotraficante" en México. By Luis Alejandro Astorga Almanza. Publisher: Plaza y Valdes, 1995. ISBN 968-856-386-2, ISBN 978-968-856-386-1
  3. ^ McRae, Patricia B. (1998). "Reconceptualizing the Illegal Narcotics Trade and Its Effect on the Colombian and the Mexican State". Muhlenberg College - Department of Political Science. Historical Text Archive. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  4. ^ a b Narco historias sonorenses Archived 2009-02-05 at the Wayback Machine.