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Gate of Avila replica
|Location||Avda. Francesc Ferrer i Guardia, 13, Barcelona, Spain|
The Poble Espanyol (literally, Spanish town) is an open-air architectural museum in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, approximately 400 metres away from the Fountains of Montjuïc. Built for the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition, the museum consists of 117 full-scale buildings, which recreate Spanish villages. It also contains a theater, restaurants, artisan workshops and a museum of contemporary art.
The museum was built for the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition as an exhibit of the architecture and culture of Spain. The idea was promoted by the Catalan architect Puig Cadafalch and the project was realized by architects Francesc Folguera and Ramon Reventós, art critic Miquel Utrillo and painter Xavier Nogués. The four professionals visited over 600,000 sites in Spain to collect the architecture to bring together the main characteristics of the peoples of Spain.
The Poble Espanyol has replications of 117 buildings representing fifteen autonomous communities of Spain − Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Catalonia, the Valencian Community, Extremadura, Galicia, the Baleric Islands, the Community of Madrid, the Region of Murcia, Navarre, and the Basque Country. The autonomous communities of La Rioja and the Canary Islands are not represented. The first is not present because it was not a separate region of Spain when the museum was designed and built. The Canary Islands are not represented because the four designers could not travel to them for economic reasons.
Monuments and buildings of the Poble Espanyol
Replicated buildings include:
|Calle Cuna||Arcos de la Frontera, Cádiz Province||Andalusia|
|Torre de Utebo||Utebo, Zaragoza Province||Aragon|
|Cangues d'Onís||Cangas de Onís||Asturias|
|Casa Son Berga||Palma, Majorca||Balearic Islands|
|Caserío Casa Arteche||Erandio, Biscay||Basque Country|
|Casa Barreda||Santillana del Mar||Cantabria|
|El Mirador||Sigüenza, Guadalajara Province||Castilla-La Mancha|
|Puerta de San Vicente||Ávila||Castilla y León|
|Palacio de los Golfines de Abajo||Cáceres||Extremadura|
|Paço de los Fefinhas||Cambados, Pontevedra Province||Galicia|
|Casa de los Celdrán||Murcia||Murcia|
|La Jana||Castellón de la Plana||Valencian Community|
|Monestir Romànic de Sant Miquel||Various spots||Catalonia|
Other exhibits and attractions
Although it was planned to be demolished when the International Exhibition was over, the museum was preserved because of its great success. The recreated village still contains the streets, squares and facades of the different areas of Spain. The village hosts many different events including gastronomic festivals, concerts in summer, flamenco shows, private events such as weddings, and children's activities.
The Poble Espanyol exhibits more than 30 artisans who regularly work within the village making blown glass, leather, ceramics, jewelry, masks, baskets, and Spanish guitars. They create handmade items which are sold to the visitors.
The Poble Espanyol also contains rides, stores with gourmet products, and restaurants or bars with cuisine from the different regions of Spain.
Museum Fran Daurel
The museum Fran Daurel is situated within the Poble Espanyol. It is a private collection open to the public featuring over 295 works of contemporary Spanish artists including Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Joan Miró, Antoni Tàpies, Barceló, Josep Guinovart and Amat. The museum holds paintings, sculptures, tapestries, drawings and ceramics, and a sculpture garden, with 41 large sculptures. The works by Picasso include ceramics from the 1950s and 1960s, where he used both traditional techniques and his own methods.
The Poble Espanyol has a theater that regularly organizes entertainment for children: theater, dance, music, clowns or puppets. The Barcelona School of Theatre also performs at this theater.
Activities for children
In addition to shows that take place every week in the theatre, Poble Espanyol has other activities for children: workshops (every Sunday morning), TOT Puppet Festival (March), living nativity scenes at Christmas, and family shows throughout the year (such as Carnivals, Santa Eulàlia, Fiesta Mayor, and Festival La Mercè)
- Documenting Spain: Artists, Exhibition Culture, and the Modern Nation, 1929Ð1939. Penn State Press. pp. 35–. ISBN 0-271-04720-8.
- Davey, J.; Zhen, C. (2015). Wimdu City Guides: No. 2 Barcelona: Barcelona Travel Guide. Wimdu City Guides. p. 10. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Bramblett, R. (2005). Europe For Dummies. Dummies Travel (in Spanish). Wiley. p. 523. ISBN 978-0-7645-8355-1. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
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