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Portal:Criminal justice

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Introduction

United States criminal justice system flowchart.

Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes. The criminal justice system is a series of government agencies and institutions whose goal is to identify and catch the law-breakers and to inflict a form of punishment on them. Other goals include the rehabilitation of offenders, preventing other crimes, and moral support for victims. The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defense lawyers, the courts and prisons.

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The Webley Mk IV
The Webley Revolver was, in various marks, the standard-issue service pistol for the armed forces of the United Kingdom, the British Empire, and the Commonwealth from 1887 until 1963. The Webley is a top-break revolver with automatic extraction; breaking the revolver open for reloading also operates the extractor, removing the spent cartridges from the cylinder. The Webley Mk I service revolver was adopted in 1887, but it was a later version—the Mk IV—which rose to prominence during the Boer War of 1899–1902. The Mk VI, introduced in 1915 during World War I, is perhaps the best-known model. Webley service revolvers are among the most powerful top-break revolvers ever produced, firing the .455 Webley cartridge. Although the .455 calibre Webley is no longer in military service, the .38/200 Webley Mk IV variant is still sporadically in use as a police sidearm in a number of countries.

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Red Serge uniform
Credit: Library and Archives Canada

The Red Serge is the formal and ceremonial uniform of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. It consists of a scarlet military dress-style coat, replete with a low neck collar, brass buttons, and golden braided ornamentation with a white cotton T-shirt underneath. The riding breeches (pants) are "midnight blue" (virtually black) with exaggerated bulges at the hips and a yellow strapping (stripe) down the outside seam of each leg.

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Jonathan Wild in the condemned cell at Newgate Prison
Jonathan Wild was perhaps the most famous criminal of London, if not of the United Kingdom, in the 18th century, both because of his own actions and the uses novelists, playwrights, and political satirists made of them. He invented a scheme which allowed him to run one of the most successful gangs of thieves of the era, all the while appearing to be the nation's leading policeman. He manipulated the press and the nation's fears to become the most loved public figure of the 1720s; this love turned to hatred when his villainy was exposed. After his death, he became a symbol of naked corruption and hypocrisy.

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Lyndon B. Johnson
Whatever opens opportunity and hope will help to prevent crime and foster responsibility.

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