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Portal:Middle East

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The Middle East Portal

Location of the Middle East

The Middle East is a political and cultural subregion of Eurasia or of Afro-Eurasia. The core of the region comprises the lands between the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, along with the Arabian and Sinai peninsulas. Sometimes, it is used in a broader sense which can include areas stretching from Morocco in the west to Pakistan in the east and the Caucasus and/or Central Asia in the north. The media (such as the BBC) and various organisations usually consider the Middle East to be Southwest Asia (including Cyprus) plus all of Egypt and minus the Caucasus.

The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the (geopolitical) importance of the region being recognized for millennia.[1][2][3] Several major religions have their origins in the Middle East, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; the Baha'i faith, Mandaeism, Unitarian Druze, and numerous other belief systems were also established within the region.

The Middle East generally has a hot, arid climate, with several major rivers providing irrigation to support agriculture in limited areas such as the Nile Delta in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates watersheds of Mesopotamia, and most of what is known as the Fertile Crescent.

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The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) is a Middle Eastern non-profit press monitoring organization with headquarters located in Washington, DC. MEMRI was co-founded in 1998 by Yigal Carmon, a former colonel in the Israeli military intelligence and Meyrav Wurmser, an Israeli-born, American political scientist. MEMRI claims its goal is to bridge the language gap between the Middle East and the West. It publishes and distributes free English language translations of material published in Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Pashto, Turkish, Chinese, Dari and Polish, publishes analyses and reports on its website and offers specialized content for a fee.

MEMRI is one of several organizations that monitor and translate Arab news media. While the organization's translations are regularly quoted by major international newspapers, its work has generated strong criticism. Critics have accused MEMRI of often producing inaccurate translations with undue emphasis and selectivity and disseminating the most extreme views from Arabic and Persian media while ignoring moderate views that are often found in the same media outlets.

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79-tone Kanun on the couch.jpg
The Qanun is a string instrument played either solo, or more often as part of an ensemble, in much of the Middle East, Maghreb, West Africa, Central Asia, and southeastern regions of Europe

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Demographics of the Middle East • Economy of the Middle East • Largest metropolitan areas of the Middle East • List of modern conflicts in the Middle East

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Sources

  1. ^ Cairo, Michael F. The Gulf: The Bush Presidencies and the Middle East Archived 2015-12-22 at the Wayback Machine University Press of Kentucky, 2012 ISBN 978-0-8131-3672-1 p xi.
  2. ^ Government Printing Office. History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense: The formative years, 1947–1950 Archived 2015-12-22 at the Wayback Machine ISBN 978-0-16-087640-0 p 177
  3. ^ Kahana, Ephraim. Suwaed, Muhammad. Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Intelligence Archived 2015-12-23 at the Wayback Machine Scarecrow Press, 13 apr. 2009 ISBN 978-0-8108-6302-6 p. xxxi.