Tokyo, (東京 Tōkyō, English: , Japanese: [toːkʲoː] (listen); lit. "Eastern Capital") officially Tokyo Metropolis (東京都 Tōkyō-to), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. It served as the Japanese capital since 1869. , the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world. The urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island, Honshu, and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was formerly named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603. It became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo. The Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture (東京府 Tōkyō-fu) and the city of Tokyo (東京市 Tōkyō-shi). Tokyo is often referred to as a city but is officially known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo.
The 23 Special Wards of Tokyo were formerly Tokyo City. On July 1, 1943, it merged with Tokyo Prefecture and became Tokyo Metropolis with an additional 26 municipalities in the western part of the prefecture, and the Izu islands and Ogasawara islands south of Tokyo. As of October 1, 2015, the population of Tokyo is estimated to be over 13.4 million, or about 11% of Japan's total population. The latest estimate in 2019 shows the growing population of Tokyo with 13.9 million people, with the special wards 9.6 million, the Tama area 4.2 million, and the Islands 25,147. The prefecture is part of the world's most populous metropolitan area called the Greater Tokyo Area with over 38 million people and the world's largest urban agglomeration economy. , Tokyo hosted 51 of the Fortune Global 500 companies, the highest number of any city in the world at that time. Tokyo ranked third (twice) in the International Financial Centres Development Index. The city is home to various television networks such as Fuji TV, Tokyo MX, TV Tokyo, TV Asahi, Nippon Television, NHK and the Tokyo Broadcasting System.
Tokyo Tower (東京タワー Tōkyō tawā, officially called 日本電波塔 Nippon denpatō "Japan Radio Tower")
is a communications
and observation tower
in the Shiba-koen district of Minato, Tokyo
, Japan. At 332.9 metres (1,092 ft), it is the second-tallest structure in Japan
. The structure is an Eiffel Tower
-inspired lattice tower
that is painted white and international orange
to comply with air safety
Built in 1958, the tower's main sources of income are tourism and antenna leasing. Over 150 million people have visited the tower. FootTown, a four-story building directly under the tower, houses museums, restaurants and shops. Departing from there, guests can visit two observation decks. The two-story Main Deck (formerly known as the Main Observatory) is at 150 metres (490 ft), while the smaller Top Deck (formerly known as the Special Observatory) reaches a height of 249.6 metres (819 ft). The names were changed following renovation of the top deck in 2018. Read more...
Looking north down a street in Ginza, the most important thoroughfare in Tokyo, Japan, c.1904.
Did you know...
Administrative divisions of Tokyo