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President of Guatemala

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President of the Republic of Guatemala
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Coat of Arms of the President of the Republic of Guatemala.png
Flag of the President of Guatemala.svg
Jimmy Morales Cabrera (Guatemala).jpg
Incumbent
Jimmy Morales Cabrera

since 14 January 2016
Executive branch of the Guatemala Government
Office of the President of Guatemala
Style Mr. President
(informal)
Most Excellent Mr. President of the Republic
(official)
His Excellency
(alternative formal, diplomatic outside of Guatemala)
Member of Cabinet
Residence Guatemalan National Palace
Seat Guatemala City
Appointer Supreme Electoral Court
Term length Four years
non-renewable
Constituting instrument Guatemala Constitution
Inaugural holder Mariano Rivera Paz
Formation 1839
(179 years ago)
 (1839)
Deputy Vice President of Guatemala
Salary 146,950 quetzales monthly ($19,742 as of May 2018)[1]
Website http://www.presidencia.gob.gt/
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Guatemala
Judiciary

The President of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de Guatemala) officially known as the President of the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term.

Requirements to hold office[edit]

According to article 185 of the constitution, the following is required to be president:

  1. A Guatemalan of origin who is a citizen in good standing
  2. Forty years of age

Heads of State of Guatemala within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)[edit]

Presidents of independent Guatemala (1839–present)[edit]

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Affiliation
1 Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg 3 December 1839 25 February 1842 Conservative
2 José Venancio López Requena
Acting Head of State
(1791–1863)
Jlrequenaguatemalapresd.jpg 25 February 1842 14 May 1842 Liberal
3 Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg 14 May 1842 14 December 1844 Conservative
4 Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg 14 December 1844 21 March 1847 Conservative
5 Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg 21 March 1847 16 August 1848 Conservative
6 Juan Antonio Martínez
Acting President
(?–1854)
Juan Antonio Martinez presidente interino Guatemala.jpg 16 August 1848 28 November 1848 Conservative
7 José Bernardo Escobar
Acting President
(1797–1849)
Coat of arms of Guatemala (1843-1851).svg 28 November 1848 1 January 1849 Conservative
8 Mariano Peredes
Acting President
(1800–1856)
ParedesGuatemala.jpg 1 January 1849 6 November 1851 Independent
9 Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg 6 November 1851 14 April 1865 Conservative
10 Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
Acting President
(1802–1897)
14 April 1865 24 May 1865 Conservative
11 Vicente Cerna Sandoval
(1815–1885)
VicenteCerna.jpg 24 May 1865 29 June 1871 Conservative
12 Miguel García Granados
(1809–1878)
MiguelGarcia.jpg 29 June 1871 4 June 1873 Liberal
13 Justo Rufino Barrios
(1835–1885)
Justo Rufino Barrios.jpg 4 June 1873 2 April 1885 Liberal
14 Alejandro M. Sinibaldi
Acting President
(1825–1896)
Alejandrosinibaldi.jpg 2 April 1885 5 April 1885 Liberal
15 Manuel Barillas
(1845–1907)
Barillas.jpg 6 April 1885 15 March 1892 Liberal
16 José María Reina Barrios
(1854–1898)
Reina barrios3.jpg 15 March 1892 8 February 1898 Liberal
17 Manuel Estrada Cabrera
(1857–1924)
Manuelestradaretrato.jpg 8 February 1898 15 April 1920 Liberal
18 Carlos Herrera
(1856–1930)
CarlosHerrerayLuna.jpg 15 April 1920 10 December 1921 Unionist Party
19 José María Orellana
(1872–1926)
José María Orellana Pinto recortado.jpg 10 December 1921 26 September 1926 Liberal
20 Lázaro Chacón González
(1873–1931)
Lazarochacon1926.jpg 26 September 1926 2 January 1931 Unionist Party
21 José María Reina Andrade
Acting President
(1860–1947)
Jose maria reina andrade.jpg 2 January 1931 14 February 1931 Liberal
22 Jorge Ubico Castañeda
(1878–1946)
Ubico Castaneda, Jorge.jpg 14 February 1931 4 July 1944 Liberal
23 Juan Federico Ponce Vaides
Acting President
(1889–1956)
Federicoponcevaides.jpg 4 July 1944 20 October 1944 Liberal
Revolutionary Government Junta Juntagobierno1944.jpg 20 October 1944 15 March 1945 Military
24 Juan José Arévalo Bermejo
(1904–1990)
JuanJoseArevaloBermejo - cropped.jpg 15 March 1945 15 March 1951 Revolutionary Action Party
25 Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán
(1913–1971)
Jacoboarbenz1950.jpg 15 March 1951 27 June 1954
(Deposed)
Revolutionary Action Party /
Party of the Guatemalan Revolution
26 Carlos Enrique Díaz de León
Provisional President
(1915–2014)
Carlos Enrique Diaz.jpg 27 June 1954 28 June 1954 Military
27 Elfego Hernán Monzón Aguirre
Chairman of Military Junta
(1912–1981)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 29 June 1954 8 July 1954 Military
28 Carlos Castillo Armas
(1914–1957)
Carlos Castillo Armas Color.jpg 8 July 1954 26 July 1957 Military
29 Luis Arturo González López
Acting President
(1900–1965)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 27 July 1957 24 October 1957 National Progress Party
30 Óscar Mendoza Azurdia
Chairman of Military Junta
(1917–1995)
Oscar Mendoza Azurdia.png 24 October 1957 26 October 1957 Military
31 Guillermo Flores Avendaño
Acting President
(1894–1982)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 26 October 1957 2 March 1958 Military
32 Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes
(1895–1982)
Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes.jpg 2 March 1958 31 March 1963 Military /
National Democratic Reconciliation Party
33 Enrique Peralta Azurdia
(1908–1997)
Enrique Peralta Azurdia (cropped).jpg 31 March 1963 1 July 1966 Institutional Democratic Party
34 Julio César Méndez Montenegro
(1915–1996)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1966 1 July 1970 Revolutionary Party
35 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
(1918–2003)
Carlos Arana Osorio.png 1 July 1970 1 July 1974 Institutional Democratic Party
36 Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García
(1930–2009)
Kjell Laugerud.png 1 July 1974 1 July 1978 Institutional Democratic Party
37 Fernando Romeo Lucas García
(1924–2006)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1978 23 March 1982 Institutional Democratic Party
38 José Efraín Ríos Montt
(1926–2018)
Rios Montt.png 23 March 1982 8 August 1983 Military
39 Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores
(1930–2016)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 8 August 1983 14 January 1986 Military
40 Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo
(1942–)
Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo DN-SN-86-05174.JPEG 14 January 1986 14 January 1991 Guatemalan Christian Democracy
41 Jorge Antonio Serrano Elías
(1945–)
Jorge Serrano Elias.jpg 14 January 1991 1 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
42 Gustavo Adolfo Espina Salguero
(1946–)
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 June 1993 5 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
43 Ramiro de León Carpio
(1942–2002)
León Carpio 1993.jpg 6 June 1993 14 January 1996 Independent
44 Álvaro Enrique Arzú Irigoyen
(1946–2018)
AlvaroArzuIrigoyenFoto (cropped).jpg 14 January 1996 14 January 2000 National Advancement Party /
Unionist Party
45 Alfonso Antonio Portillo Cabrera
(1951–)
Alfonso Portillo Cabrera.jpg 14 January 2000 14 January 2004 Guatemalan Republican Front
46 Óscar Rafael Berger Perdomo
(1946–)
Oscar Berger 2005 (cropped).jpg 14 January 2004 14 January 2008 National Solidarity Party /
Grand National Alliance
47 Álvaro Colom Caballeros
(1951–)
Alvaro Colom Caballeros.jpg 14 January 2008 14 January 2012 National Unity of Hope
48 Otto Fernando Pérez Molina
(1950–)
Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg 14 January 2012 3 September 2015 Patriotic Party /
Grand National Alliance
49 Alejandro Baltasar Maldonado Aguirre
Acting President
(1936–)
Alejandro Maldonado 2015 (cropped).jpg 3 September 2015 14 January 2016 Independent
50 Jimmy Ernesto Morales Cabrera
(1969–)
Jimmy Morales - cropped.jpg 14 January 2016 Incumbent National Convergence Front

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Jimmy Morales National Convergence Front 1,167,030 23.85 2,750,847 67.44
Sandra Julieta Torres Casanova National Unity of Hope 967,242 19.76 1,328,381 32.56
Manuel Antonio Baldizón Méndez Renewed Democratic Liberty 961,284 19.64
Alejandro Eduardo Giammattei Falla Fuerza 315,774 6.45
Zury Maité Ríos Sosa Vision with Values 288,421 5.89
Lizardo Arturo Sosa López Todos 260,801 5.33
Mario David Antonio García Velásquez Patriotic Party 226,372 4.63
Roberto González Díaz-Durán CREOUnionist Party 168,715 3.45
Mario Amilcar Estrada Orellana National Change Union 168,664 3.45
Juan Guillermo Gutiérrez Strauss National Advancement Party 151,655 3.10
Miguel Ángel Sandoval WinaqURNG–MAIZ 103,300 2.11
José Ángel López Camposeco Encounter for Guatemala 44,360 0.91
Luis Fernando Pérez Martínez Institutional Republican Party 41,964 0.86
Rodolfo Aníbal García Hernández New Republic Movement 28,427 0.58
Invalid/blank votes 495,996 176,647
Total 5,390,005 100 4,079,228 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,556,873 71.33 7,556,873 56.32
Source: TSE

Living former presidents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rony Ríos (17 January 2017). "Jimmy Morales el presidente mejor pagado de Latinoamérica". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.