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Robert, Count of Clermont

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Robert
Count of Clermont
Fils du roi Robert de Clermont et Beatrice FR 22297 P8.jpg
Robert and his wife Beatrice
Born1256
Died7 February 1317 (aged 60–61)
SpouseBeatrice of Burgundy
IssueLouis I, Duke of Bourbon
Blanche, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne
John of Charolais
Mary of Clermont, Prioress of Poissy
Peter of Clermont, Archdeacon of Paris
Margaret, Countess of Andria, Marchioness of Namur
HouseCapet
Bourbon (founder)
FatherLouis IX of France
MotherMargaret of Provence
French Monarchy
Direct Capetians
Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg
Hugh Capet
Robert II
Henry I
Philip I
Louis VI
Louis VII
Philip II
Louis VIII
Louis IX
Philip III
Philip IV
Louis X
John I
Philip V
Charles IV

Robert of Clermont (1256 – 7 February 1317) was created Count of Clermont in 1268. He was the son of King Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence.[1] In 1272, Robert married Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of Bourbon[2] and had the following issue:

During his first joust, in 1279, Robert suffered head injuries which rendered him an invalid for the remainder of his life.[3]

Robert is considered the founder of the House of Bourbon, a family which, with the passing of centuries came to reign as kings of Navarre (1572-1830), kings of France (1589–1848; due to the extinction of all legitimate agnatic progeny of all his elder brothers), kings of Spain (1700–present), kings of the Two Sicilies (1735–1860), dukes of Parma (1748–1796 and 1847–1859) and grand dukes of Luxembourg (1964–present).

Robert's godfather, chosen by Louis IX, was Humbert of Romans, the Dominican Master of the Order at the time of Robert's birth.[4]

Robert is mentioned in the prologue of the Coutumes de Beauvaisis by Philippe de Beaumanoir.[5]

He was buried in the now-demolished church of the Couvent des Jacobins in Paris.

Robert is a supporting character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. He was portrayed by Alexandre Rignault in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Ioan Siminie in the 2005 adaptation.

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bourbon, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, Ed. William W. Kibler, (Routledge, 1995), 138.
  2. ^ Bourbon, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, 138.
  3. ^ Keen, Maurice (1984). "The Rise of the Tournament". Chivalry. Yale University Press. p. 87. ISBN 0-300-03360-5.
  4. ^ Brett, E.T., Humbert of Romans, (PIMS, 1984), 37
  5. ^ de Beaumanoir, Philippe (1899–1900). "Prologues". Coutumes de Beauvaisis. Alphonse Picard et Fils, Éditeurs. p. 2.
Robert, Count of Clermont
Born: 1256 Died: 7 February 1317
Preceded by
Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1268–1317
Succeeded by
Louis I