Rubenians, Roupenians, Rubenids, Roupenids.
|Parent house||Bagratuni Dynasty|
|Country||Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia|
|Final ruler||Isabella I|
The Rubenids (Armenian: Ռուբինեաններ) or Roupenids were an Armenian dynasty who dominated parts of Cilicia, and who established the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The dynasty takes its name from its founder, the Armenian prince Ruben I. The Rubenids were princes, later kings, of Cilicia from around 1080 until they were surpassed by the Hethumids in the mid-thirteenth century.
The new Armenian state established very close relations with European countries and played a very important role during the Crusades, providing the Christian armies a haven and provisions on their way towards Jerusalem. Intermarriage with European crusading families was common, and European religious, political, and cultural influence was strong.
Rubenid Princes of Armenia
- Roupen I (1080/1081/1082 – 1095)
- Constantine I (1095 – 1100/1102/1103)
- Thoros I (1100/1102/1103 – 1129/1130)
- Constantine II (1129/1130)
- Leo I (1129/1130 – 1137)
- Thoros II (1144/1145 – 1169)
- Roupen II (1169–1170)
- Mleh (1170–1175)
- Roupen III (1175–1187)
- Leo II (1187 – 1198/1199)
Rubenid Kings of Armenia
- Baumstark, Anton (2011). On the Historical Development of the Liturgy. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814660966.
- Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9.
- Edwards, Robert W. (1987). The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Dumbarton Oaks Studies XXIII. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University. ISBN 0-88402-163-7.
- Baumstark 2011, p. 103.