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SCAT (automobile)

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S.C.A.T.
Società Ceirano Automobili Torino
IndustryAutomotive
Fateabsorbed by Fiat in 1929, cars produced until 1932[1]
Founded1906
Defunct1929
HeadquartersTurin, Italy
Key people
Giovanni Battista Ceirano founder
ProductsAutomobiles
SCAT 15-20HP
1911 S.C.A.T.
1926 SCAT-Ceirano

The SCAT (Società Ceirano Automobili Torino) was an Italian automobile manufacturer from Turin, founded in 1906 by Giovanni Battista Ceirano.

The company was active from 1906 to 1932 and achieved Targa Florio wins in 1911, 1912 and 1914.[2] The first produced models were the 12 HP, the 16 HP and the 22 HP of 1909.

Ceirano family background[edit]

The Ceirano brothers, Giovanni Battista, Giovanni, Ernesto and Matteo, were influential in the founding of the Italian auto industry, being variously responsible for: Ceirano; Welleyes (the technical basis of FIAT); Fratelli Ceirano; Società Torinese Automobili Rapid (STAR/Rapid); SCAT (Società Ceirano Automobili Torino); Itala and SPA (Società Piemontese Automobili). Giovanni's son Giovanni "Ernesto" was also influential, co-founding Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili (aka Giovanni Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili) and Fabrica Anonima Torinese Automobili (FATA).

In 1888, after eight years apprenticeship at his father's watch-making business, Giovanni Battista started building Welleyes bicycles, so named because English names had more sales appeal.[3] In October 1898 Giovanni Battista and Matteo co-founded Ceirano GB & C and started producing the Welleyes motor car in 1899. In July 1899 the plant and patents were sold to Giovanni Agnelli and produced as the first FIATs - the Fiat 4 HP. Giovanni Battista was employed by Fiat as the agent for Italy, but within a year he left to found Fratelli Ceirano & C. which in 1903 became STAR building cars badged as 'Rapid'. In 1904 Matteo Ceirano left Ceirano GB & C to create his own brand - Itala. In 1906 Matteo left Itala to found SPA with chief designer, Alberto Ballacco. In 1906 Giovanni founded SCAT in Turin. In 1919 Giovanni and Giovanni "Ernesto" co-founded Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili (aka Giovanni Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili) and in 1922 they took control of FATA).

Production[edit]

SCAT production before World War I:

  • 1906 12/16 hp 2724cc > 1910 15/20 hp 2951cc
  • 1907 16/20 hp 3190cc
  • 1907 22/32 hp 3770cc > 1910 22/32 hp 4398cc > 1912 25/35 hp 4712cc
  • 1912 60/75 hp 6285cc
  • 1914 12/18 hp 2120cc
  • 1915 18/30 hp 3563cc

Targa Florio[edit]

1911[edit]

In 1911 Giovanni's brother Ernesto Ceirano won the Targa Florio driving the SCAT he completed the 3 laps of the Grande Circuit of the Targa Florio, covering the 446-kilometre (277 mi) in 9 hours 32 minutes 22 seconds, an average speed of 46.8 km/h.[4][5]

1912[edit]

British driver Cyril Snipe won the 1912 Targa Florio (Giro di Sicilia) on 25 and 26 May, driving a SCAT 25/35 with his co-driver Pedrini. They completed the 965 kilometre course around the island of Sicily in 24 hours 37 minutes 39 seconds, defeating a field of 26 cars which included Lancia, Isotta Fraschini, Fiat and A.L.F.A.. The race passed through Palermo; Messina; Catania; Syracuse; Ragusa; Gela; Agrigento; Marsala; Trapani; and back to Palermo.[6][7]

1913[edit]

Snipe drove a SCAT again in the 1913 Targa Florio race but failed to finish.[6][8]

1914[edit]

In 1914 Ernesto Ceirano drove a SCAT 22/32 to his second victory in the Targa Florio, completing a single 979 km lap of the island in 16 hours 51 minutes 31 seconds at an average speed of 58.07 km/h.[9]

Models[edit]

19 models were produced by SCAT:[10]

Start End Name Engine Cylinders Capacity
1906 1909 SCAT 12-16 HP Multi-block 4 cylinders 2724 cm³ (85 x 120)
1907 1909 SCAT 16-20 HP Multi-block 4 cylinders 3190 cm³ (92 x 120)
1907 1909 SCAT 22-32 HP Multi-block 4 cylinders 3770 cm³ (100 x 120)
1910 1911 SCAT 22-32 HP Multi-block 4 cylinders 4398 cm³ (100 x 140)
1912 1914 SCAT 15-20 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 2951 cm³ (85 x 130)
1910 1911 SCAT 15-20 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 2724 cm³ (85 x 120)
1912 1920 SCAT 25-35 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 4712 cm³ (100 x 150)
1912 1915 SCAT 60-75 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 6284 cm³ (100 x 250)
1914 1920 SCAT 12-18 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 2120 cm³ (75 x 120)
1915 1916 SCAT 18-30 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 3563 cm³ (90 x 140)
1921 1921 SCAT 18-25 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 2120 cm³ (75 x 120)
1922 1922 SCAT 18-25 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 2220 cm³ (76 x 125)
1922 1922 SCAT 18-25 HP Mono-block 6 cylinders 2218 cm³ (64 x 115)
1921 1921 SCAT 30-40 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 4712 cm³ (100 x 150)
1921 1921 SCAT 120 HP Corsa Mono-block 4 cylinders 9236 cm³ (140 x 150)
1922 1922 SCAT 12-16 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 1551 cm³ (67 x 110)
1922 1922 SCAT 20-30 HP Mono-block 4 cylinders 2951 cm³ (85 x 130)
1924 1928 SCAT Ceirano N 150
("Ceiranina")
Mono-block 4 cylinders 1458 cm³ (65 x 110)
1924 1931 SCAT Ceirano S 150 Mono-block 4 cylinders 1458 cm³ (65 x 110)
1926 1928 SCAT Ceirano 250 Mono-block 4 cylinders 2297 cm³ (75 x 130)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ceirano Historia". autopasion18.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2008-06-26.
  2. ^ "SCAT". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
  3. ^ Lancia, the essentials
  4. ^ History of Targa Florio
  5. ^ History of Targa Florio - 1911
  6. ^ a b Autosport, 2008, research profile of Cyril Snipe
  7. ^ History of Targa Florio - 1912
  8. ^ History of Targa Florio - 1913
  9. ^ History of Targa Florio - 1914
  10. ^ Donatella Biffignandi, Centro di Documentazione del Museo Nazionale dell'Automobile di Torino

External links[edit]