Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
Jackson in 2014
Samuel Leroy Jackson
December 21, 1948
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Alma mater||Morehouse College (B.A.)|
|Occupation||Actor, film producer|
LaTanya Richardson (m. 1980)
|Awards||List of awards and nominations received by Samuel L. Jackson|
Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American actor and film producer. A recipient of critical acclaim and numerous accolades and awards, Jackson is the actor whose films have made the highest total gross revenue.
He came to prominence in the early 1990s with films such as Goodfellas (1990), Jungle Fever (1991), Patriot Games (1992), Amos & Andrew (1993), True Romance (1993), Jurassic Park (1993) and his collaborations with director Quentin Tarantino including Pulp Fiction (1994), Jackie Brown (1997), Django Unchained (2012), and The Hateful Eight (2015). He is a highly prolific actor, having appeared in over 100 films, including Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995), A Time to Kill (1996), The Long Kiss Goodnight (1996), The Negotiator (1998), Deep Blue Sea (1999), Unbreakable (2000), Shaft (2000), XXX (2002), Snakes on a Plane (2006), Kong: Skull Island (2017) and the Star Wars prequel trilogy (1999–2005).
With Jackson's permission, his likeness was used for the Ultimate version of the Marvel Comics character Nick Fury. He has subsequently played Fury in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films Iron Man (2008), Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011), Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), The Avengers (2012), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Captain Marvel (2019), and Avengers: Endgame (2019) and will reprise his role in Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019), as well as the TV show Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.
Jackson has provided his voice to several animated films, television series and video games, including the roles of Lucius Best / Frozone in Pixar Animation Studios' films The Incredibles (2004) and Incredibles 2 (2018), Mace Windu in Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008), Whiplash in Turbo (2013), Afro Samurai in the anime television series Afro Samurai (2007), and Frank Tenpenny in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004).
Jackson is married to LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has a daughter, Zoe.
Jackson is ranked as the highest all-time box office star with over $6.70 billion total US box office gross, an average of $87 million per film. The worldwide box office total of his films (excluding cameo appearances) is over $15 billion. He became the top-grossing actor in October 2011, surpassing Frank Welker.
Jackson was born in Washington, D.C., the son of Elizabeth (née Montgomery) and Roy Henry Jackson. He grew up as an only child in Chattanooga, Tennessee. His father lived away from the family in Kansas City, Missouri, and later died from alcoholism. Jackson met his father only twice during his life. Jackson was raised by his mother, who was a factory worker and later a supplies buyer for a mental institution, and by his maternal grandparents and extended family. According to DNA tests, Jackson partially descends from the Benga people of Gabon.
Jackson attended several segregated schools and graduated from Riverside High School in Chattanooga. Between the third and 12th grades, he played the French horn and trumpet in the school orchestra. Jackson also played the flute and piccolo. During childhood, he had a stuttering problem. While he eventually learned to "pretend to be other people who didn't stutter" and use the curse word motherfucker as an affirmation word, he still has days where he stutters.
Initially intent on pursuing a degree in marine biology, he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia. After joining a local acting group to earn extra points in a class, Jackson found an interest in acting and switched his major. Before graduating in 1972, he co-founded the "Just Us Theatre".
Civil rights movement involvement
After the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Jackson attended the funeral in Atlanta as one of the ushers. Jackson then flew to Memphis to join an equal rights protest march. In a Parade interview Jackson revealed: "I was angry about the assassination, but I wasn't shocked by it. I knew that change was going to take something different – not sit-ins, not peaceful coexistence."
In 1969, Jackson and several other students held members of the Morehouse College board of trustees (including a nearby Martin Luther King, Sr.) hostage on the campus, demanding reform in the school's curriculum and governance. The college eventually agreed to change its policy, but Jackson was charged with and eventually convicted of unlawful confinement, a second-degree felony. Jackson was then suspended for two years for his criminal record and his actions. He would later return to the college to earn his Bachelor of Arts in Drama in 1972.
While he was suspended, Jackson was employed as a social worker in Los Angeles. Jackson decided to return to Atlanta, where he met with Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, and others active in the Black Power movement. Jackson revealed in the same Parade interview that he began to feel empowered with his involvement in the movement, especially when the group began buying guns. However, before Jackson could become involved with any significant armed confrontation, his mother sent him to Los Angeles after the FBI told her that he would die within a year if he remained with the Black Power movement. In a 2018 interview with Vogue he denied ever having been a member of the Black Panther Party.
—Samuel L. Jackson, reacting to his new fame in 1993
Jackson initially majored in marine biology at Morehouse College before switching to architecture. He later settled on drama after taking a public speaking class and appearing in a version of The Threepenny Opera. Jackson began acting in multiple plays, including Home and A Soldier's Play. He appeared in several television films, and made his feature film debut in the blaxploitation independent film Together for Days (1972). After these initial roles, Jackson moved from Atlanta to New York City in 1976 and spent the next decade appearing in stage plays, including the premiers of The Piano Lesson and Two Trains Running at the Yale Repertory Theater. Jackson developed addictions to alcohol and cocaine, which prevented him from proceeding with the two plays to Broadway (actors Charles S. Dutton and Anthony Chisholm took his place). Throughout his early film career, mainly in minimal roles in films such as Coming to America and various television films, Jackson was mentored by Morgan Freeman. After a 1981 performance in the play A Soldier's Play, Jackson was introduced to director Spike Lee, who cast him for small roles in School Daze (1988) and Do the Right Thing (1989). He also played a minor role in the 1990 Martin Scorsese film Goodfellas (real-life Mafia associate Stacks Edwards) and also worked for three years as a stand-in on The Cosby Show for Bill Cosby.
Having overdosed on heroin several times, Jackson gave up the drug in favor of cocaine. His family entered him into a New York rehabilitation clinic. After he successfully completed rehabilitation, he appeared in Jungle Fever as a crack cocaine addict. Jackson said that the role was cathartic, commenting, "It was a funny kind of thing. By the time I was out of rehab, about a week or so later I was on set and we were ready to start shooting." The film was so acclaimed that the 1991 Cannes Film Festival created a special "Supporting Actor" award just for him. Following this role, Jackson became involved with the comedy Strictly Business and dramas Juice and Patriot Games. He then moved on to two other comedies: National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1 (his first starring role) and Amos & Andrew. Jackson worked with director Steven Spielberg in 1993's Jurassic Park.
After a turn as the criminal Big Don in 1993's True Romance—written by Quentin Tarantino and directed by Tony Scott—Tarantino asked Jackson to play Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction. Jackson was surprised to learn that the part had been specifically written for him: "To know that somebody had written something like Jules for me. I was overwhelmed, thankful, arrogant—this whole combination of things that you could be, knowing that somebody's going to give you an opportunity like that." Although Pulp Fiction was Jackson's thirtieth film, the role made him internationally recognized and he received praise from critics. In a review by Entertainment Weekly, his role was commended: "As superb as Travolta, Willis, and Keitel are, the actor who reigns over Pulp Fiction is Samuel L. Jackson. He just about lights fires with his gremlin eyes and he transforms his speeches into hypnotic bebop soliloquies." For the Academy Awards, Miramax Films pushed for, and received, the Best Supporting Actor nomination for Jackson. He also received a Golden Globe nomination and won the BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Role.
After Pulp Fiction, Jackson received multiple scripts to review: "I could easily have made a career out of playing Jules over the years. Everybody's always sending me the script they think is the new Pulp Fiction." With a succession of poor-performing films such as Kiss of Death, The Great White Hype, and Losing Isaiah, Jackson began to receive poor reviews from critics who had praised his performance in Pulp Fiction. This ended with his involvement in the two box-office successes, Die Hard with a Vengeance, starring alongside Bruce Willis in the third installment of the Die Hard series; and A Time to Kill, where he played a father put on trial for killing two men who raped his daughter. For A Time to Kill, Jackson earned an NAACP Image for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture and a Golden Globe nomination for a Best Supporting Actor.
Quickly becoming a box office star, Jackson continued with three starring roles in 1997. In 187 he played a dedicated teacher striving to leave an impact on his students. He received an Independent Spirit award for Best First Feature alongside first-time writer/director Kasi Lemmons in the drama Eve's Bayou, for which he also served as executive producer. He joined up again with Tarantino for Jackie Brown and received the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the Berlin Film Festival and a fourth Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of arms merchant Ordell Robbie In 1998, he worked with established actors: Sharon Stone and Dustin Hoffman in Sphere; and Kevin Spacey in The Negotiator, playing a hostage negotiator who resorts to taking hostages himself when he is falsely accused of murder and embezzlement. In 1999, Jackson starred in the horror film Deep Blue Sea, and as Jedi Master Mace Windu in George Lucas' Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace. In an interview, Jackson claimed that he did not have a chance to read the script for the film and did not learn he was playing the character Mace Windu until he was fitted for his costume (he later said that he was eager to accept any role, just for the chance to be a part of the Star Wars saga).
On June 13, 2000, Jackson was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7018 Hollywood Blvd. He began the next decade of his film career playing a Marine colonel put on trial in Rules of Engagement, co-starred with Bruce Willis for a third time in the supernatural thriller Unbreakable, and starred in the 2000 remake of the 1971 film Shaft. Jackson's sole film in 2001 was The Caveman's Valentine, a murder thriller directed by Lemmons in which he played a homeless musician. In 2002, he played a recovering alcoholic attempting to keep custody of his kids while fighting a battle of wits with Ben Affleck's character in Changing Lanes. He returned for Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, seeing his minor supporting role develop into a major character. Mace Windu's purple lightsaber in the film was the result of Jackson's suggestion; he wanted to be sure that his character would stand out in a crowded battle scene. Jackson then acted as an NSA agent alongside Vin Diesel in XXX and a kilt-wearing drug dealer in The 51st State. In 2003, Jackson again worked with John Travolta in Basic and then as a police sergeant alongside Colin Farrell in the television show remake S.W.A.T. A song within the soundtrack was named after him, entitled Sammy L. Jackson by Hot Action Cop. Jackson also appeared in HBO's documentary Unchained Memories, as a narrator along many other stars like Angela Bassett and Whoopi Goldberg. According to reviews gathered by Rotten Tomatoes, in 2004 Jackson starred in both his lowest and highest ranked films in his career. In the thriller Twisted, Jackson played a mentor to Ashley Judd. The film garnered a 2% approval rating on the website, with reviewers calling his performance "lackluster" and "wasted". He then lent his voice to the computer-animated film The Incredibles as the superhero Frozone. The film received a 97% approval rating, and Jackson's performance earned him an Annie Award nomination for Best Voice Acting. He then went on to do a cameo in another Quentin Tarantino film, Kill Bill: Volume 2.
In 2005, he starred in the sports drama Coach Carter, where he played a coach (based on the actual coach Ken Carter) dedicated to teaching his players that education is more important than basketball. Although the film received mixed reviews, Jackson's performance was praised despite the film's storyline. Bob Townsend of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution commended Jackson's performance, "He takes what could have been a cardboard cliche role and puts flesh on it with his flamboyant intelligence." Jackson also returned for two sequels: XXX: State of the Union, this time commanding Ice Cube, and the final Star Wars prequel film, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith. His last film for 2005 was The Man alongside comedian Eugene Levy. On November 4, 2005, he was presented with the Hawaii International Film Festival Achievement in Acting Award.
On January 30, 2006, Jackson was honored with a hand and footprint ceremony at Grauman's Chinese Theater; he is the seventh African American and 191st actor to be recognized in this manner. In an interview that year, he said that he chooses roles that are "exciting to watch" and have an "interesting character inside of a story", and that in his roles he wanted to "do things [he hasn't] done, things [he] saw as a kid and wanted to do and now [has] an opportunity to do". He next starred opposite actress Julianne Moore in the box office bomb Freedomland, where he depicted a police detective attempting to help a mother find her abducted child while quelling a citywide race riot. Jackson's second film of the year, Snakes on a Plane, gained cult film status months before it was released based on its title and cast. Jackson's decision to star in the film was solely based on the title. To build anticipation for the film, he also cameoed in the 2006 music video "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship. On December 2, 2006, Jackson won the German Bambi Award for International Film, based on his many film contributions. In December 2006, Jackson starred in Home of the Brave, as a doctor returning home from the Iraq War.
On January 30, 2007, Jackson was featured as narrator in Bob Saget's direct-to-DVD Farce of the Penguins. The film was a spoof of the box office success March of the Penguins (which was narrated by Morgan Freeman). Also in 2007, he portrayed a blues player who imprisons a young woman (Christina Ricci) addicted to sex in Black Snake Moan, and the horror film 1408, an adaptation of the Stephen King short story. Later the same year, Jackson portrayed an athlete who impersonates former boxing heavyweight Bob Satterfield in director Rod Lurie's drama, Resurrecting the Champ. In 2008, Jackson reprised his role of Mace Windu in the CGI film, Star Wars: The Clone Wars, followed by Lakeview Terrace where he played a racist cop who terrorizes an interracial couple. In November of the same year, he starred along with Bernie Mac and Isaac Hayes (who both died before the film's release) in Soul Men. In 2008, he portrayed the villain in The Spirit, which was poorly received by critics and the box office. In 2009, he again worked with Quentin Tarantino when he narrated several scenes in the World War II film, Inglourious Basterds.
In 2010, he starred in the drama Mother and Child and portrayed an interrogator who attempts to locate several nuclear weapons in the direct-to-video film Unthinkable. Alongside Dwayne Johnson, Jackson again portrayed a police officer in the opening scenes of the comedy The Other Guys. He also co-starred with Tommy Lee Jones for a film adaptation of The Sunset Limited.
Throughout Jackson's career, he has appeared in many films alongside mainstream rappers. These include Tupac Shakur (Juice), Queen Latifah (Juice/Sphere/Jungle Fever), Method Man (One Eight Seven), LL Cool J (Deep Blue Sea/S.W.A.T.), Busta Rhymes (Shaft), Eve (xXx), Ice Cube (xXx: State of the Union), Xzibit (xXx: State of the Union), David Banner (Black Snake Moan), and 50 Cent (Home of the Brave). Additionally, Jackson has appeared in four films with actor Bruce Willis (National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1, Pulp Fiction, Die Hard with a Vengeance, and Unbreakable) and the actors were slated to work together in Black Water Transit before both dropped out.
In 2002, Jackson gave his consent for Marvel Comics to design their "Ultimate" version of the character Nick Fury after his likeness. In the 2008 film Iron Man, he made a cameo as the character in a post-credit scene. In February 2009, Jackson signed on to a nine-picture deal with Marvel which would see him appear as the character in Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and The Avengers as well as any other sequels they would produce. He reprised the role in Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) and Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015). In February 2015, Jackson stated that he only has two movies left on his Marvel contract following Ultron. In 2018 and 2019, Jackson made cameo appearances as Fury in the Avengers sequels Infinity War and Endgame, and starred as a younger, de-aged Fury in Captain Marvel alongside Brie Larson.
Among his more recent film roles, Jackson appeared in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained, which was released December 25, 2012, Tarantino's The Hateful Eight, which was released in 70mm on December 25, 2015, and Jordan Vogt-Roberts' Kong: Skull Island, which was released on March 10, 2017. Jackson reprised his Unbreakable role as Mr. Glass in the 2019 film Glass.
He is set to produce a live-action film adaptation of Afro Samurai, and is assuming the role of Sho'nuff in a remake of The Last Dragon. He has appeared in the Brie Larson film Unicorn Store. He will have a prominent role in the upcoming Marvel film Spider-Man: Far From Home.
Television and other roles
In addition to films, Jackson also appeared in several television shows, a video game, music videos, as well as audiobooks. Jackson had a small part in the Public Enemy music video for "911 Is a Joke". Jackson voiced several television show characters, including the lead role in the anime series, Afro Samurai, in addition to a recurring part as the voice of Gin Rummy in several episodes of the animated series The Boondocks. He guest-starred as himself in an episode of the BBC/HBO sitcom Extras. He voiced the main antagonist, Officer Frank Tenpenny, in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Jackson also hosted a variety of awards shows. He has hosted the MTV Movie Awards (1998), the ESPYs (1999, 2001, 2002, and 2009), and the Spike TV Video Game Awards (2005, 2006, 2007, and 2012). In November 2006, he provided the voice of God for The Bible Experience, the New Testament audiobook version of the Bible. He was given the lead role because producers believed his deep, authoritative voice would best fit the role. He also recorded the Audible.com audiobook of Go the Fuck to Sleep. For the Atlanta Falcons' 2010 season, Jackson portrayed Rev. Sultan in the Falcons "Rise Up" commercial.
He also appeared in the Capital One cash-back credit card commercials.
Awards and nominations
Box office performance
Throughout the 1990s, A.C. Neilson E.C.I., a box office tracking company, determined that Jackson appeared in more films than any other actor who grossed $1.7 billion domestically.
By 2011, the films that featured Jackson as a leading actor or supporting co-star have grossed a total of $2.81 to $4.91 billion at the North American box office. This placed him as the seventh highest-grossing lead actor and the second highest-grossing actor, behind only voice actor Frank Welker. The 2009 edition of The Guinness World Records, which uses a different calculation to determine film grosses, stated that Jackson is the world's highest grossing actor, having earned $7.42 billion in 68 films.
In 1980, Jackson married actress and sports channel producer LaTanya Richardson, whom he met while attending Morehouse College. The couple have a daughter, Zoe (born 1982). In 2009, they started their own charitable organization to help support education. Jackson has said he attends each of his films in theaters with paying customers, saying: "Even during my theater years, I wished I could watch the plays I was in – while I was in them! I dig watching myself work." He also enjoys collecting the action figures of the characters he portrays in his films, including Jules Winnfield, Shaft, Mace Windu, and Frozone.
Jackson is bald but enjoys wearing wigs in his films. He said about his decision to go bald: "I keep ending up on those bald is beautiful lists. It's cool. You know, when I started losing my hair it was during the era when everybody had lots of hair. All of a sudden I felt this big hole in the middle of my afro, I couldn't face having a comb over so I had to quickly figure what the haircut for me was." His first bald role was in The Great White Hype. He usually gets to pick his own hairstyles for each character he portrays. He poked fun at his baldness the first time he appeared bald on The Tonight Show, explaining that he had to shave his head for one role, but then kept receiving more and more bald roles and had to keep shaving his head so that wigs could be made for him. He joked that "the only way I'm gonna have time to grow my hair back is if I'm not working".
Jackson has a clause in his film contracts that allows him to play golf during film shoots. He has played in the Gary Player Invitational charity golf tournament to assist Gary Player in raising funds for children in South Africa. Jackson is a keen basketball fan, supporting the Toronto Raptors and the Harlem Globetrotters. He supports the soccer team Liverpool F.C. since appearing in The 51st State. He also supports Irish soccer team Bohemian F.C.
Jackson campaigned during the 2008 Democratic Primary for Barack Obama in Texarkana, Texas. He said: "Barack Obama represents everything I was told I could be growing up. I am a child of segregation. When I grew up and people told me I could be president, I knew it was a lie. But now we have a representative... the American Dream is a reality. Anyone can grow up to be a president." Jackson also said: "I voted for Barack because he was black. That's why other folks vote for other people – because they look like them". He compared his Django Unchained character, a villainous house slave, to black conservative Justice Clarence Thomas, saying that "I have the same moral compass as Clarence Thomas does".
In June 2013, Jackson launched a joint campaign with the charity Prizeo in an effort to raise money to fight Alzheimer's disease. As part of the campaign, he recited various fan-written monologues and a popular scene from the AMC series Breaking Bad. In August 2013, he started a vegan diet for health reasons, explaining that he is "just trying to live forever", and attributed a 40 lb (18 kg) weight loss to his new diet. By March 2017, he abandoned the diet. He launched a campaign called "One for the Boys", which teaches men about testicular cancer and urges them to "get themselves checked out".
- "People Index". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Samuel L. Jackson Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- Powers, Lindsay (October 27, 2011). "Samuel L. Jackson Is Highest-Grossing Actor of All Time". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 6, 2012.
- Jackson, Samuel L. (March 7, 2017). Samuel L. Jackson Answers the Web's Most Searched Questions. Autocomplete Interview. Wired (Video). Los Angeles: Condé Nast. Events occur at 0:16–0:27, 0:37–0:39, 0:42–0:44, 1:26–1:28, and 1:48–1:52. Retrieved June 18, 2018 – via YouTube.
- "Finding Your Roots". google.ca. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Samuel Jackson Figures He Owes His Success to Morgan Freeman" (Fee required). Deseret News. March 2, 1993. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- "Episode #8.15". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 8. Episode 15. June 2, 2002.
- Rochlin, Margy (November 2, 1997). "Tough Guy Finds His Warm and Fuzzy Side". The New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Kay, Karen (October 13, 2004). "From coke addict to golf addict: How Samuel L Jackson found salvation on fairways to heaven". The Independent. London. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Jackson Rice Simmons Finding Your Roots". genealogy-research-tools.com. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Beale, Lewis (June 11, 2000). "Clean Break With the Past – Samuel L. Jackson went from addict to Hollywood star". Daily News. Retrieved January 25, 2010.[dead link]
- "Samuel L. Jackson Biography". tiscali. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Jackson, Samuel L. (June 15, 2018). Samuel L. Jackson Goes Undercover on Reddit, Twitter, and Wikipedia. GQ Videos (Actually Me). GQ (Video). Condé Nast. Events occur at 2:48–3:20 and 6:33–6:40. Retrieved June 18, 2018 – via YouTube.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (June 4, 2013). "Which Curse Word Does Samuel L. Jackson Credit With Stopping His Stutter?". Vulture.com. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Hudson 2004, p. 23
- Edelman, Rob. "Samuel L. Jackson". Film Reference. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Smiley, Tavis (February 24, 2006). "Samuel L. Jackson". The Tavis Smiley Show. Archived from the original on June 12, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Rader, Dotson (January 9, 2005). "He Found His Voice (Film actor Samuel L. Jackson)". Parade. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Kung, Michelle (February 12, 2006). "Action Jackson". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- O'Hagan, Sean (December 7, 2008). "Samuel L Jackson: 'Now we got the movie stuff out of the way, let's talk about something serious'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
- "Samuel L. Jackson". Yahoo Movies.com. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Petrakis, John (February 24, 1993). "Reaching for the top Veteran actor Samuel Jackson more than just a familiar face". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 10, 2009. (registration required)
- "Samuel L Jackson cover story". MATT POMROY. April 4, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Angeli, Michael (February 19, 1993). "Samuel Jackson is quite the character" (Fee required). The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Hudson 2004, p. 32
- Hudson 2004, p. 41
- Hudson 2004, p. 53
- Hudson 2004, p. 65
- Hudson 2004, p. 66
- Hudson 2004, p. 71
- "Festival de Cannes: Jungle Fever". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Ryan, James (April 28, 1995). "Jackson Out of Hiding". Ocala Star-Banner. Google News. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Petrakis, John (February 24, 1993). "Reaching for the top Veteran actor Samuel Jackson more than just a familiar face" (Fee required). Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Price, Michael H. (June 14, 1993). "'Jurassic Park' Thriller Not Necessarily For Kids". TimesDaily. Google News. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Hudson 2004, p. 99
- Hudson 2004, p. 106
- Hudson 2004, p. 5
- Bhattacharya, Sanjiv (October 27, 2002). "Play it again Samuel..." The Observer. London. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "'Gump' Tops Golden Globe Nominations". The New York Times. December 24, 1994. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Okwu, Michael (March 1, 2001). "Samuel L. Jackson not caving in to star pressure". CNN. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Hudson 2004, p. 121
- "A Time to Kill". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Die Hard: With a Vengeance". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Ryan, Tim (November 5, 2005). "Working It". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Guthmann, Edward (July 30, 1997). "Really Dangerous Minds in '187'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Wallace, Amy (January 9, 1998). "Duvall's 'Apostle' Truly Filled With Spirit; Movies: 'Hard Eight,' 'Star Maps' and 'Ulee's Gold' follow in the nominations honoring independent films". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Berlinale: 1998 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- Malcolm, Derek (February 23, 1998). "Brazilian wins Berlin film prize with odyssey of an orphan". The Guardian. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Michael, Dennis (February 13, 1998). "'Sphere' takes moviegoers to new depths". CNN. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Gleiberman, Owen (July 31, 1998). "The Negotiator (1998)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- LaSalle, Mick (July 31, 1998). "These Sharks Have Attitude – 'Deep Blue Sea' a Fresh, Tasty Thriller". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Spelling, Ian (July 31, 1998). "The Force is With Jackson". Reading Eagle. Google News. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Walters, Mark (July 2006). "Samuel L. Jackson talks Snakes on a Plane". BigFanBoy.com. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Locations of Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Archived from the original on May 14, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Germain, David (April 8, 2000). "'Engagement' Bumps 'Brockovich'". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Google News. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Tucker, Ken (November 28, 2000). "Stand Up, Comics!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Rush, George; Molloy, Joanna; Ogunnaike, Lola; Robinovitz, Karen (June 8, 2000). "Jackson: 'Shaft' Drove Me Daft". Daily News. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Schwarzbaum, Lisa (March 7, 2001). "The Caveman's Valentine (2001)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Hudson 2004, p. 219
- Giles, Jeff (May 7, 2002). "Samuel L. Jackson on the Hilarious Origins of His Purple Lightsaber in 'Star Wars'". Townsquare Media. Oaktree Capital Management. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- "License to Thrill". Sydney Morning Herald. August 30, 2002. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Formula 51 (2002)". Entertainment Weekly. August 20, 2002. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Bentley, Rick (March 22, 2003). "'Basic' Travolta". Toledo Blade. Google News. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "'S.W.A.T.' tops weekend box office". USA Today. Associated Press. August 10, 2003. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Hot Action Cop in TV, Movies and Video Games". Hot Action Cop. Archived from the original on December 27, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Samuel L. Jackson". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Sragow, Michael (March 7, 2004). "The McQueen of Women-In-Jeopardy Films" (Fee required). The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Twisted (2004)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Schager, Nick (February 26, 2004). "Twisted". Slant Magazine. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Lane, Jim (March 11, 2004). "Twisted". Sacramento News & Review. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Burr, Ty (November 5, 2004). "Look! Up in the sky! It's a flabby suburban dad!". Boston Globe. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "The Incredibles (2004)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Annie Award Noms Incredibly Good To 'Incredibles'". KIRO-TV. December 8, 2004. Archived from the original on April 20, 2005. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Burr, Ty (April 16, 2004). "Second 'Kill Bill' is dead-on". Boston Globe. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Daly, Sean (January 14, 2005). "In 'Carter,' Jackson Calls the Shots". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Foucher, David (January 14, 2005). "Coach Carter". EDGE. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Tucker, Betty Jo. "Winning a Future". ReelTalk Movie Reviews. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Townsend, Bob. "Coach Carter". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Time For a Lads Night Out". The Sun. August 12, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Turan, Kenneth (May 15, 2005). "'Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Hart, Hugh (September 11, 2005). "Non-Action Hero Gets Top Billing". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- "Samuel L. Jackson to receive acting award". USA Today. Associated Press. November 6, 2005. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Actor Jackson enters Walk of Fame". BBC News. January 31, 2006. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Dawson, Angela (August 25, 2006). "Samuel L. Jackson shares some of his thoughts on acting, his new movie and his biggest phobia". Sun2Surf. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Freedomland". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Gleiberman, Owen (February 17, 2006). "'Freedomland' shrill and joyless". Entertainment Weekly. CNN. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Elsworth, Catherine (March 25, 2006). "Cult film fans are bitten by Snakes on a Plane". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Tyrangiel, Josh (April 24, 2006). "Snakes on Samuel L. Jackson". Time. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Bambi honour for Jackson". ITV News. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Germain, David (December 14, 2006). "Trite script wins battle in 'Home of the Brave'". MSNBC. Associated Press. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Palathingal, George (August 2, 2007). "Farce of the Penguins". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- "Samuel L. Jackson: 'I'm fine with snakes'". MSNBC. Associated Press. August 18, 2006. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Johnson, Ross (April 23, 2006). "Hollywood's One Remaining Taboo Found in 'Black Snake Moan'". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Thomson, Desson (June 22, 2007). "Creepy '1408': It's Worth Checking Into". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Germain, David (August 11, 2008). "Review: 'Clone Wars' is fun though forgettable". USA Today. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Germain, David (January 29, 2009). "DVD reviews: 'Lakeview Terrace,' 'Fireproof'". MSNBC. Associated Press. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Bowles, Scott (August 14, 2008). "For 'Soul Men' director, deaths of Mac, Hayes were doubly devastating". USA Today. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- "The Spirit". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- "The Spirit". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- LaSalle, Mick (August 20, 2009). "WWII rewritten in glorious Basterds". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- Boucher, Geoff (January 24, 2009). "Samuel L. Jackson is animated about 'Afro Samurai: Resurrection'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Samuel L. Jackson enjoyed violent scene". Boston Globe. February 15, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Silberman, Stacey (August 27, 2007). "Samuel L. Jackson: Man of Many Digital Faces". Hollywood Today. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Carroll, Larry; Adler, Shawn; Horowitz, Josh (January 26, 2007). "Sam Jackson Reunites With Willis, 'Underdog' Gets Real: Sundance File". MTV. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Boucher, Geoff (January 13, 2009). "Nick Fury no more? Samuel L. Jackson says 'Maybe I won't be Nick Fury'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Vary, Adam B.; Collis, Clark (May 9, 2008). "Striking While Iron Man is Hot". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Kit, Borys (February 25, 2009). "Jackson's Fury in flurry of Marvel films". Reuters. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
- Sneider, Jeff (June 6, 2012). "Russo brothers tapped for 'Captain America 2': Disney and Marvel in final negotiations with 'Community' producers to helm pic". Variety. Archived from the original on August 4, 2012. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- Lealos, Shawn S. (February 12, 2015). "Samuel L. Jackson Has 2 Movies Left in his Marvel Contract". Renegade Cinema. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- Brew, Simon (February 12, 2015). "Samuel L Jackson's Marvel contract has two films left". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- "Will Smith Could Be DJANGO UNCHAINED, Samuel L. Jackson Cast". WhatCulture.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- McNary, Dave (December 26, 2015). "Quentin Tarantino's 'Hateful Eight' Launches With $1.9 Million on Christmas". Variety. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
- Fleming, Jr, Mike (August 6, 2015). "Is There Room On 'Kong: Skull Island' For Samuel L. Jackson And Tom Wilkinson?". Deadline Hollywood.
- O'Connell, Sean (July 22, 2011). "Samuel L. Jackson Producing A Live-Action Afro Samurai Movie". Cinema Blend. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Simmons, Leslie (October 30, 2008). "Samuel L. Jackson vs. the 'Dragon'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 2, 2008. Retrieved October 30, 2008.
- Hipes, Patrick (November 14, 2016). "Samuel L. Jackson, Joan Cusack & Bradley Whitford Join Brie Larson's 'Unicorn Store'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (November 14, 2016). "Samuel L. Jackson, Joan Cusack, Bradley Whitford Join Brie Larson's 'Unicorn Store'". Variety. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- "Samuel L. Jackson to give a voice to 'Afro Samurai'". The Herald-Mail. May 4, 2005. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Weisman, Jon (May 13, 2006). "Why thesps can't laugh off animated voice gigs". Variety. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "A-listers flock to Gervais sitcom". BBC News. January 24, 2005. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Vargas, Jose Antonio (December 15, 2004). "Major Players". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Wallflowers, Imbruglia Set For MTV Movie Awards". Rolling Stone. May 16, 1998. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- "Samuel L. Jackson returns as ESPY Awards host". Los Angeles Times. April 7, 2009. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Hutchens, Bill (April 29, 2008). "Having a Grand Theft time" (Fee required). The News Tribune. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- "Jackson Voices God". ContactMusic.com. July 16, 2006. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Netburn, Deborah (June 15, 2011). "Samuel L. Jackson reads 'Go the F --- to Sleep'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- "0-8-4". Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Season 1. Episode 2. October 1, 2013. ABC.
- "Beginning of the End". Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Season 1. Episode 22. May 13, 2014. ABC.
- Samuel L Jackson conscious song
- Hudson 2004, p. 213
- "People Index". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- "All Time Top 100 Stars at the Box Office". The Numbers. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- Dwinell, Joe (September 16, 2008). "Brangelina take over the 'World'". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Mears, Jo (May 23, 2009). "My family values". The Guardian. London. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Williams, Lena (June 9, 1991). "Samuel L. Jackson: Out of Lee's 'Jungle,' Into the Limelight". The New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Tyrangiel, Josh (August 7, 2006). "His Own Best Fan". Time. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Miller, Prairie (May 18, 2005). "Celebrity Spotlight: Samuel L. Jackson". LongIslandPress.com. Archived from the original on November 19, 2005. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Samuel L. Jackson's bald love". Monsters and Critics. October 13, 2007. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Walton, A. Scott (October 21, 2002). "Wigs Often Play Supporting Roles in Films With Samuel L. Jackson" (Fee required). The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Alvarez, Antoinette (February 14, 2007). "Interview: Samuel L. On Black Snake Moan". LatinoReview.com. Archived from the original on August 15, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Govani, Shinan (November 4, 2006). "Raptors provide Jackson's action". The Windsor Star. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Samuel L Jackson enjoys Liverpool's 5-1 win over Arsenal". Liverpool Echo. February 9, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- "Here are just some of the many reasons why Samuel L. Jackson is the coolest motherf***er alive". Joe.ie. November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Martin, Marie (February 25, 2008). "Jackson campaigns for Obama". Texarkana Gazette. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2010.
- "Samuel L. Jackson: 'I Voted for Barack Because He Was Black'". Yahoo! News. February 11, 2012.
- "Politics of color". New York Post. February 11, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- Ryzik, Melena. Supporting Actor Category Is Thick With Hopefuls, New York Times (December 19, 2012).
- Matheson, Whitney (June 6, 2013). "Samuel L. Jackson does 'Breaking Bad'". USA Today. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- Maglio, Tony; Reuters (June 11, 2013). "Samuel L. Jackson's 'Breaking Bad' monologue is just the beginning for charity platform prizeo". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Samuel L Jackson on his 9 movie Marvel contract". Yahoo! Movies. Yahoo!. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Ivan-Zadeh, Larushka (March 28, 2014). "Samuel L Jackson: As a young black actor, my character always died". Metro News. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- "Samuel L Jackson's testicular cancer awareness video is passionate and slightly menacing". Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- "One For The Boys".
- Dils, Tracey E. (1999). Samuel L. Jackson. Black Americans of Achievement. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publications. ISBN 0-7910-5282-6. OCLC 41885637.
- Hudson, Jeff (2004). Samuel L. Jackson: The Unauthorised Biography. London: Virgin Books. ISBN 1-85227-024-1. OCLC 224038091.
- Jordan, Pat (April 26, 2012). "How Samuel L. Jackson Became His Own Genre". The New York Times.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samuel L. Jackson.|
- Official website
- Samuel L. Jackson at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Samuel L. Jackson on IMDb
- Samuel L. Jackson at the Internet Broadway Database
- Samuel L. Jackson at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Samuel L. Jackson at the TCM Movie Database
- Samuel L. Jackson at Rotten Tomatoes
- Samuel L. Jackson at AllMovie
- Samuel L. Jackson at Box Office Mojo
- "Samuel L. Jackson collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
- "Samuel L. Jackson collected news and commentary". The Guardian.
- Extensive biography of Samuel L. Jackson