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San Telmo (ship)

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SanTelmoAlejoBerlingueromuseonavalmadrid.jpg
Spanish ship of the Line San Telmo by Alejo Berlinguero, Madrid Naval Museum
History
Spain
Name: San Telmo
Launched: 20 June 1788
Sunk: 2 September 1819
General characteristics
Displacement: 2550 tons
Length: 53 m (174 ft)
Beam: 14.5 m (48 ft)
Complement: 644 officers and men

San Telmo ("Saint Peter Gonzalez" or "Saint Erasmus of Formiae") was a Spanish 74-gun ship of the line, launched in 1788.

In 1819, the San Telmo, commanded by Captain Joaquín de Toledo y Parra, was the flagship of a Spanish naval squadron under Brigadier Rosendo Porlier y Asteguieta bound for Callao (Peru) to reinforce colonial forces there fighting the independence movements in Spanish America. Damaged by severe weather in the Drake Passage, south of Cape Horn, it sank in September 1819.

The 644 officers, soldiers, and seamen lost on board the San Telmo may have been the first people to die in Antarctica, as parts of her wreckage were found months later by the early sealers visiting Livingston Island. Indeed, if any of the crew of the San Telmo survived to set foot there, they would have been the first people in history to reach Antarctica.

San Telmo Island off the north coast of Livingston Island is named after the ship.

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Coordinates: 62°20′S 60°30′W / 62.333°S 60.500°W / -62.333; -60.500