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Savang Vadhana

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Sri Savarindira
Queen Savang Vadhana in 1879.jpg
Queen consort of Siam
Tenure1877 – 23 October 1910
Born(1862-09-10)10 September 1862
Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam
Died17 December 1955(1955-12-17) (aged 93)
Sa Pathum Palace, Bangkok, Thailand
Burial22 April 1956
SpouseChulalongkorn (Rama V)
Issue
HouseChakri Dynasty
FatherMongkut (Rama IV)
MotherPiam Sucharitakul

Sri Savarindira (Thai: ศรีสวรินทิรา; RTGSSi Sawarinthira, 10 September 1862 – 17 December 1955), also known as Savang Vadhana (Thai: สว่างวัฒนา; RTGSSawang Wathana), was a consort and half-sister of Chulalongkorn (Rama V), but she was not the Rajini or the highest ranked consort. After her first grandson's accession to power in 1935, she became known as Somdetch Phra Phan Vassa Ayika Chao (สมเด็จพระพันวัสสาอัยยิกาเจ้า; RTGSSomdet Phra Phan Watsa Ai-yika Chao; "the Queen Grandmother").[1] All her children died before her, so she lived to see her grandsons Ananda Mahidol and Bhumibol Adulyadej take the throne.

Life[edit]

She was the 27th daughter of King Rama IV (King Mongkut or Rama IV) and Princess Consort Piam and thus her husband's half-sister. Her marriage to Chulalongkorn produced the following children:

In addition, the queen also adopted several of her husband's children and raised them as her own children:

All of her Biological children died before her. She saw two of her sons first-in-line to the throne, Vajirunhis and Mahidol.

When King Prajadhipok (or Rama VII) abdicated in 1935, the son of Queen Savang Vadhana's youngest son, Prince Ananda Mahidol, acceded to the throne as King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII). She received the title of Queen Grandmother, having been renamed Sri Savarindira by King Prajadhipok while she was Queen Aunt.

Queen Sri Savarindira was also the grandmother of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX). Although her son, Crown Prince Maha Vajirunhis did not survive to become king she lived to see two of her grandsons become king.

The Queen also helped establish a hospital in Si Racha District, Chonburi Province, known today as Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital, operated by the Thai Red Cross Society.

Death[edit]

Queen Savang Vadhana in 1938, with her grandchildren, King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII) and Prince Bhumibol Adulyadej (later King Rama IX). Photographed by Prince Rangsit Prayurasakdi, Prince of Chainat

She died on 17 December 1955, at the age of 93. Her ashes were interred in the Royal Cemetery at Wat Ratchabophit, Bangkok. A residence of the queen can be seen at the Bang Pa-In Royal Palace. She resided in latter years at Sa Pathum Palace, The Royal Private Residence, located behind Siam Paragon Shopping center in downtown Bangkok, where a museum dedicated to her is being constructed at the Tamnak Yai Mansion (Grand mansion) inside Sa Pathum Palace.

Queen Savang Vadhana Foundation was founded on 27 October 2005 under the aegis of Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, her great-granddaughter.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 1862–1878: Her Royal Highness Princess Savang Vadhana
  • 1878–1880: Her Royal Highness Princess Savang Vadhana, the Princess Consort
  • 1880–1910: Her Majesty The Queen of Siam
  • 1910–1925: Her Majesty Queen Savang Vadhana, The Queen Aunt
  • 1925–1934: Her Majesty Queen Sri Savarindira, The Queen Aunt
  • 1934–1955: Her Majesty Queen Sri Savarindira, The Queen Grandmother

Thai Royal Decorations[edit]

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Death Spouse Children
Crown Prince Maha Vajirunhis 27 June 1878 4 January 1895 Never married
Prince Isariyalongkorn 4 September 1879 25 September 1879 Never married
Princess Vichitra Chiraprabha 21 April 1881 15 August 1881 Never married
Sommatiwongse Varodaya, Prince of Nakhonsridharmaraj 9 June 1882 17 June 1899 Never married
Valaya Alongkorn, Princess of Bejraburi 16 April 1884 15 February 1938 Never married
Princess Sirabhorn Sobhon 19 July 1888 24 May 1898 Never married
Mahidol Adulyadej, Prince of Songkla 1 January 1891 24 September 1929 Sangwan Talapat Galyani Vadhana, Princess of Naradhiwas
Ananda Mahidol
Bhumibol Adulyadej
Princess (Unnamed) 9 November 1893 12 November 1893 Never married

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finestone, Jeffrey. The Royal Family of Thailand: The Descendants of King Chulalongkorn. Bangkok : Phitsanulok Publishing, 1989, p. 64

External links[edit]