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Semenre, also Smenre[1] or Semenenre,[3] is a poorly attested Theban pharaoh during the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt who succeeded the equally obscure Nebiriau II.[3][4] He reigned from 1601 to 1600 BC (Kim Ryholt)[4] or ca. 1580 BC (Detlef Franke) and belonged to the 16th Dynasty (Ryholt)[4] or the 17th Dynasty[1] (Franke).

For this ruler only the throne name is known, carved on a tin-bronze axe head of unknown provenance, now in the Petrie Museum, London (UC30079). He is possibly also listed on the Turin Canon (11.7).[1]
Semenre was succeeded by Seuserenre Bebiankh[3][4] who left behind more traces of building projects and mining activity in his reign than most kings of this dynasty with the exception of Djehuti.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d Davies, V.W. (1981). "Two inscribed objects from the Petrie Museum". Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. 67: 175–178.
  2. ^ Ryholt 1997, p. 450
  3. ^ a b c d von Beckerath 1984, pp. 126-27
  4. ^ a b c d Ryholt 1997, p. 202
  5. ^ Darrell D. Baker: The Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharaohs, Volume I: Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty (3300-1069 BC), Bannerstone Press, London 2008, ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9, p. 375.
  • Ryholt, Kim (1997). The Political Situation in Egypt During the Second Intermediate Period, C. 1800-1550 B.C. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.
  • von Beckerath, Jürgen (1984). Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen. München-Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag. ISBN 3422008322.
Preceded by
Nebiriau II
Pharaoh of Egypt
Sixteenth Dynasty of Egypt
Succeeded by