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St. Lawrence, Newfoundland and Labrador

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St. Lawrence
Town
St. Lawrence is located in Newfoundland
St. Lawrence
St. Lawrence
Location of St. Lawrence in Newfoundland
St. Lawrence is located in Canada
St. Lawrence
St. Lawrence
St. Lawrence (Canada)
Coordinates: 46°55′28″N 55°23′34″W / 46.92444°N 55.39278°W / 46.92444; -55.39278Coordinates: 46°55′28″N 55°23′34″W / 46.92444°N 55.39278°W / 46.92444; -55.39278
CountryCanada
ProvinceNewfoundland and Labrador
Government
 • MayorPaul Pike
 • MHACarol Anne Haley (NL Lib
 • MPChurence Rogers (Lib
Area
 (2016)[1]
 • Land35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)
Elevation48.5 m (159.1 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total1,192
 • Density33.6/km2 (87/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:30 (NST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−02:30 (NDT)
Area code(s)709

St. Lawrence is a Canadian town located on the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador. As of the 2016 Canadian Census, the population of St. Lawrence was 1,192, down from the 2011 Canadian Census of 1,244.[1] Popular family names in the town include Slaney, Pike, Lake, Drake and Edwards.

History[edit]

St. Lawrence was named by a group of shipwrecked sailors who came to the Newfoundland in 1583 with Sir Humphrey Gilbert. During the expedition, their vessel, Delight, sank off Sable Island. Sixteen of her crew drifted in a lifeboat for seven days before coming ashore on the South Coast in Little St. Lawrence. Richard Clarke, the master of the doomed ship, wrote a dramatic account of the event in 1584.[3]

The area was known to English, French, and Basque fishermen in the 1500s and there were a few French stages at St Lawrence itself, for the early French ship fishermen for the fishing season.[4] However, settlement actually began in the early to mid-1700's.[5] Captain James Cook surveyed the St. Lawrence area and vicinity in 1765. St. Lawrence was a hive of activity in 1784 when Newmans opened its store in Little St. Lawrence and business was soon rivalling that of St. John's (the capital city).[6] Newmans closed its Little St. Lawrence store in 1811.

Fishing was the main economic activity of the area for hundreds of years due to the proximity of St. Lawrence with the Grand Banks. A tsunami devastated the area following the 1929 Grand Banks earthquake; 27 people lost their lives, and many along the coast lost their houses, boats, stages and supplies. This added greatly to the hardship already inflicted by the Great Depression and the collapse of the saltfish trade.

Fluorspar deposits had been noted as early as 1843 but it was not until 1933 that mining began. The fluorspar mine in St. Lawrence was a major employer in the community until 1978, when the mine was closed by Alcan. In 2011 Canada Fluorspar Inc. outlined preparations to open a fluorspar mine on the site of the old mine. As of 2016 the project has still not commenced.

A wind project has recently been initiated by the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador for St. Lawrence. The project has resulted in the installation of nine Vestas V90-3MW wind turbines.

U.S.S. Pollux and U.S.S. Truxtun[edit]

Echoes of Valour Memorial

On February 18, 1942, more than 200 American sailors died when the USS Truxton ran aground near Chambers Cove and the USS Pollux[7] ran aground at Lawn Point. Tremendous community efforts and personal bravery by the citizens of Lawn and St. Lawrence reduced the high death toll. In 1954 the U.S. Navy built a hospital at St. Lawrence in gratitude for their work.[8]

In 1992, a memorial entitled 'Echoes of Valour' was erected in dedication of the mining industry in St. Lawrence, the sailors who died in the USS Truxtun and USS Pollux disaster, and those who lost their lives in the World Wars.[9]

Education[edit]

St. Lawrence has a K-12 School, St. Lawrence Academy. The school was initially the high school for the town "St. Lawrence Central High School". With dwindling enrollment in the 1990s the school was renamed St. Lawrence Academy and encompassed K-6 upon the closure of Marion Elementary in 1999.

Sport[edit]

St. Lawrence has been referred to as the 'Soccer Capital of Canada'.[10] St. Lawrence Centennial Soccer Field has been listed on the Historic Places in Canada since 2005.[11]

The St. Lawrence soccer teams have been a powerhouse of soccer both on the Burin Peninsula where they have dominated. As well at the provincial level success has also been achieved culminating in the Laurentians being named the "Team of the Decade" for the 70's and 90's.

The town has nine organized soccer teams. The St. Lawrence Laurentians soccer club is the most recognized.

Climate[edit]

St. Lawrence has a subarctic climate, albeit an ocean moderated one giving it more of a continental maritime climate than one like that of Fairbanks, Alaska. The seasonal lag rivals that of the Pacific coast in California, with August being the warmest month and September and July having very similar temperatures. The coldest month is February. Summer lasts from mid-July through mid-September and winter lasts from late November through early May.

Climate data for St. Lawrence Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 10.3 11.0 11.7 17.5 21.7 25.5 30.8 31.9 29.0 24.3 17.6 13.2 31.9
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
11.9
(53.4)
12.4
(54.3)
17.5
(63.5)
23.8
(74.8)
26.1
(79.0)
27.2
(81.0)
28.8
(83.8)
25.9
(78.6)
20.6
(69.1)
16.0
(60.8)
12.7
(54.9)
28.8
(83.8)
Average high °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.1
(34.0)
4.9
(40.8)
9.3
(48.7)
13.0
(55.4)
16.7
(62.1)
18.2
(64.8)
15.7
(60.3)
11.0
(51.8)
6.4
(43.5)
1.9
(35.4)
8.0
(46.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.6
(34.9)
5.5
(41.9)
9.2
(48.6)
13.2
(55.8)
14.7
(58.5)
11.9
(53.4)
7.3
(45.1)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Average low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−8.8
(16.2)
−5.8
(21.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.6
(34.9)
5.4
(41.7)
9.7
(49.5)
11.0
(51.8)
8.0
(46.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−5.0
(23.0)
0.8
(33.4)
Record low °C (°F) −20.6
(−5.1)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−15.6
(3.9)
−8.9
(16.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
0.2
(32.4)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−12.2
(10.0)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−25.0
(−13.0)
Record low wind chill −33.0 −37.0 −35.0 −21.0 −16.0 −8.0 0.0 0.0 −6.0 −11.0 −21.0 −30.0 −37.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 140.2
(5.52)
121.6
(4.79)
122.7
(4.83)
118.9
(4.68)
118.5
(4.67)
133.1
(5.24)
109.4
(4.31)
106.1
(4.18)
157.4
(6.20)
157.4
(6.20)
146.4
(5.76)
132.4
(5.21)
1,564.1
(61.59)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 74.6
(2.94)
57.9
(2.28)
82.3
(3.24)
105.5
(4.15)
115.8
(4.56)
132.9
(5.23)
109.4
(4.31)
106.1
(4.18)
157.4
(6.20)
155.7
(6.13)
134.5
(5.30)
91.7
(3.61)
1,323.8
(52.13)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 68.7
(27.0)
65.0
(25.6)
42.2
(16.6)
13.5
(5.3)
2.3
(0.9)
0.3
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.7
(0.7)
11.8
(4.6)
42.4
(16.7)
247.8
(97.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19.9 17.0 16.2 14.2 14.4 13.0 13.3 12.8 13.4 16.0 16.1 18.5 184.9
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.9 6.6 9.2 11.4 14.1 13.0 13.3 12.8 13.4 16.0 13.9 10.8 142.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 15.2 13.1 9.5 4.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 3.2 11.0 57.1
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada[2]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Census Profile, 2016 Census St. Lawrence, Town [Census subdivision], Newfoundland and Labrador and Division No. 2, Census division [Census division], Newfoundland and Labrador
  2. ^ a b "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data". Environment and Climate Change Canada. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  3. ^ Richard Clarke's Account of the Casting Away of the Delight (1584) in David B.Quinn Ed The Voyages and Colonising Enterprises of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Vol.1, London:Hakluyt Society, 1940 p423-26.
  4. ^ Prowse, Daniel Woodley (1896). A history of Newfoundland from the English, colonial, and foreign records. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode. p. 183.
  5. ^ "In the Parliamentary Report of 1718 it is stated that nearly all the Poole vessels engaged in the Newfoundland trade were built in the Colony. Spurriers built barques, brigs,and ships at Oderin, Burin, and St. Lawrence". D.H. Prowse. p165.
  6. ^ K. Matthews, Robert Newman, in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 5, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed January 25, 2017
  7. ^ "Standing Into Danger" by Cassie Brown
  8. ^ Dead Reckoning: The Pollux-Truxton Disaster
  9. ^ Echoes of Valour
  10. ^ St. Lawrence Laurentian's Soccer
  11. ^ St. Lawrence Centennial Soccer Field

External links[edit]