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Map of Mesopotamia during the kingdom of Shamshi-Adad I showing the location of Suhum near the Euphrates

Suhum or Sūḫu was an ancient geographic region around the middle course of the Euphrates river, south of Mari. Its known history covers the period from the middle Bronze Age (c. 2000-1700/1600 BCE) to the Iron Age (c. 1200-700 BCE).[1] During the Bronze Age, Suhum was divided into an Upper Suhum, with its capital in Hanat, and a Lower Suhum with its capital in Jabliji. Several ancient letters place the Sutean people as having lived in the region of Suhum.[2] In 616 BCE, Suhum subordinated themselves to the king of Babylon, Nabopolassar (ruled 626-605 BCE). Three years later, in 613 BCE, Suhum rebelled against him, which led Nabopolassar to send an expedition against Suhum.


  1. ^ Bartelmus, Alexa (2016). "A Short Introduction on the Sūḫu Texts". oracc.museum.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  2. ^ Heimpel, Wolfgang (2003). Letters to the King of Mari: A New Translation, with Historical Introduction, Notes, and Commentary. Eisenbrauns. ISBN 9781575060804. p.26
  • Bryce, Trevor (2013). The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9781134159086., pp. 666-668