The Gypsy Girl

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The Gypsy Girl
Frans Hals 008.jpg
The Gypsy Girl, c.1628 Oil on canvas, 57.8 x 52.1 cm
ArtistFrans Hals
Year1628 (1628)
CatalogueSeymour Slive, Catalog 1974: #62
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions57.8 cm × 52.1 cm (22.8 in × 20.5 in)
LocationLouvre Museum, Paris
AccessionM.I. 926

The Gypsy Girl (sometimes erroneously referred to as Malle Babbe) is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1628 and now in the Louvre Museum. It is a tronie, a study of facial expression and unusual costume, rather than a commissioned portrait. The display of cleavage was not a common feature of costume seen in public in Hals' time and place.


This painting was catalogued by Hofstede de Groot in 1910, who wrote "119. THE GYPSY GIRL. B. 41; M. 263 - Half-length; life size. A laughing gipsy girl, seen almost in full face, looks down towards the right. Her brown hair falls on her shoulders. She wears a red bodice over a white chemise which exposes her breast. Yellow flesh-tones. A superb picture."[1]

Hofstede de Groot noticed that the dress of the sitter in this painting is similar to two other paintings by Hals, and he included them on either side of this one (catalogue numbers 118 and 120). This painting was first documented in a Paris sale in 1782 and every Frans Hals catalog after that includes her. In the exhibition catalog for the 1962 show, this painting's entry at #23 states that in a raking light one can see that diagonal strokes were once painted on either side of her breasts, indicating that Hals first made her décolleté less daring. Since Hals usually painted his genre works wet-on-wet in one go, such evidence of discovery while working is perhaps evidence of a certain reservation on Hals's part to make a portrait of a wanton woman, though in his time it was a common subject.[2]


She has not been in any recent international exhibitions however, and was last lent out for the 1962 Frans Hals exhibition in the Frans Hals Museum, where she inspired the Haarlem singer-songwriter Lennaert Nijgh to write a song about her which he called Malle Babbe, misleadingly named after another painting in the same exhibition. [3] The song celebrates the girl's lusty, vibrant sexuality. The raunchy song became a Dutch hit for Rob de Nijs in 1975 and is still immensely popular in versions by different artists. Today the painting is also sometimes referred to as Malle Babbe for this reason. No name has been discovered in the archives, but various art historians have assumed she was a prostitute. There is no real reason to assume the model was a gypsy.

Girls painted by Hals who are wearing similar chemises:


  1. ^ * Hofstede de Groot on The Gypsy Girl; catalog number 119
  2. ^ Seymour Slive and C.A. van Hees, Frans Hals Exhibition catalog, 1962, #23, The Gypsy Girl, pp 43-44
  3. ^ Peter Voskuil: Testament. Leven en werk van Lennaert Nijgh, Kats, 2007, ISBN 9789071359057

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