Trams in Bologna

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The Bologna tramway network (Italian: Rete tranviaria di Bologna) was an important part of the public transport network of Bologna, Italy. It was established in 1880 and discontinued in 1963.[1]

A new tramway network is currently being planned.[2] The first line is expected to be operational by January 2026.[3]

Future network (2026?)[edit]

Trams in Bologna (2026?)
LocaleBologna, Italy
Transit typeTram
Number of linesFour lines are foreseen[2], of which one is under planning (as of 2019)[3]
Number of stations30 (line 1)[3]
Operation will start2026[3]
System length16.5 km (line 1)[3]
Track gauge1435 mm

The reintroduction of a tram network in Bologna is foreseen by the Piano Urbano della Mobilità Sostenibile (PUMS, Italian for Urban Sustainable Mobility Plan), adopted on 27 November 2018.[4][2] Bologna's PUMS plans the progressive replacement of the main urban bus and trolley lines by tram lines, to be implemented in two steps:

  • construction of the first tramway line (red line), from Borgo Panigale to CAAB, via Bologna Centrale railway station[3]
  • progressive construction of three further lines, formed as the combination of the radial branches of the current main bus and trolley lines: Casalecchio Garibaldi station-San Lazzaro di Savena station (blue line), Bologna Corticella station-Due Madonne/Via Larga (green line), Casteldebole railway station-Rastignano railway station (yellow line).[5][2]

As of February 2019, the technical and economic feasibility study for the first line is officially underway, by a temporary association of companies formed by Systra, Sotecni, Architecna, Studio Mattioli, Aegis and Cooperativa Archeologia.[6]

The timetable announced by the town administration for line 1 is as follows:[7][3]

  • 2019: information and involvement activities to support the construction of the tramway line
  • Autumn 2019: approval of the technical and economic feasibility project
  • Summer 2020: approval of the final project
  • Summer 2021: approval of the executive project
  • By December 2021: awarding of works
  • January 2022: start of the works
  • January 2026: start of the tramway line.

Line 1[edit]

Line 1 will have its western terminus at Borgo Panigale Terminal, where a 400-car parking lot is planned, joined with an interchange terminal with intercity bus services. In the opposite direction there will be a double terminus, at the CAAB and at the Michelino parking lot.[3]

Line 1 will feature 30 stops, for a total length of 16.5 km, of which 14.5 km with an overhead contact line; the 2-km tracks in the city center, from Porta San Felice to via Matteotti, won't feature any suspended power line, as the tram will be powered by batteries.[3]

The main attractors served by the line are Bologna Borgo Panigale railway station, the Maggiore Hospital, the city center, Bologna Centrale railway station, Bologna's Fiera District, the Pilastro district, the Faculty of Agriculture and the CAAB.[3]

Historical network (1880–1963)[edit]

Trams in Bologna (1880–1963)
LocaleBologna, Italy
Transit typeTram
Number of lines16 (maximum)
Began operation2 October 1880
Ended operation3 November 1963
Track gauge1445 mm
Electrification550 V DC (since 1904)
System map

Bologna mappa tram 1952.svg

The first plans for six horsecar lines were approved by the town council in 1877:[8]

  • Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Bologna Centrale railway station
  • Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta San Felice
  • Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Barriera Santo Stefano
  • Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta Maggiore
  • Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta San Mamolo
  • Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta Saragozza.

Works on the first stretch, linking Bologna Centrale railway station to Piazza Maggiore, began in September 1880. Service began on Saturday, 2 October 1904.[8]

The first two electrified lines began operating on 11 February 1904.[8]

In 1953, it was decided that, starting from the following year, tramway lines would be gradually discontinued and transformed to bus and trolleybus lines. Service was officially discontinued on Sunday, 3 November 1963, when the last tramway service operated on the last remaining line to San Ruffillo.[8][1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b https://www.bibliotecasalaborsa.it/cronologia/bologna/1963/lultimo_tram
  2. ^ a b c d http://pumsbologna.it/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Relazione-1.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j [1]
  4. ^ http://pumsbologna.it/documenti-di-adozione-2/
  5. ^ "Trasporto pubblico metropolitano (TPM), ecco la rete integrata | Iperbole". Comune.bologna.it.
  6. ^ "La rete tranviaria, una grande opportunità per la città | Iperbole". Comune.bologna.it.
  7. ^ "Percorso di informazione e coinvolgimento a supporto della realizzazione della linea tranviaria". Partecipa.comune.bologna.it. 7 March 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d Francesco Ogliari, Franco Sapi, Ritmi di ruote – Storia dei trasporti italiani volume 10°. Emilia-Romagna, Milano, 1969.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tram transport in Bologna at Wikimedia Commons