Trams in Bologna
Future network (2026?)
|Number of lines||Four lines are foreseen, of which one is under planning (as of 2019)|
|Number of stations||30 (line 1)|
|Operation will start||2026|
|System length||16.5 km (line 1)|
|Track gauge||1435 mm|
The reintroduction of a tram network in Bologna is foreseen by the Piano Urbano della Mobilità Sostenibile (PUMS, Italian for Urban Sustainable Mobility Plan), adopted on 27 November 2018. Bologna's PUMS plans the progressive replacement of the main urban bus and trolley lines by tram lines, to be implemented in two steps:
- construction of the first tramway line (red line), from Borgo Panigale to CAAB, via Bologna Centrale railway station
- progressive construction of three further lines, formed as the combination of the radial branches of the current main bus and trolley lines: Casalecchio Garibaldi station-San Lazzaro di Savena station (blue line), Bologna Corticella station-Due Madonne/Via Larga (green line), Casteldebole railway station-Rastignano railway station (yellow line).
As of February 2019, the technical and economic feasibility study for the first line is officially underway, by a temporary association of companies formed by Systra, Sotecni, Architecna, Studio Mattioli, Aegis and Cooperativa Archeologia.
- 2019: information and involvement activities to support the construction of the tramway line
- Autumn 2019: approval of the technical and economic feasibility project
- Summer 2020: approval of the final project
- Summer 2021: approval of the executive project
- By December 2021: awarding of works
- January 2022: start of the works
- January 2026: start of the tramway line.
Line 1 will have its western terminus at Borgo Panigale Terminal, where a 400-car parking lot is planned, joined with an interchange terminal with intercity bus services. In the opposite direction there will be a double terminus, at the CAAB and at the Michelino parking lot.
Line 1 will feature 30 stops, for a total length of 16.5 km, of which 14.5 km with an overhead contact line; the 2-km tracks in the city center, from Porta San Felice to via Matteotti, won't feature any suspended power line, as the tram will be powered by batteries.
The main attractors served by the line are Bologna Borgo Panigale railway station, the Maggiore Hospital, the city center, Bologna Centrale railway station, Bologna's Fiera District, the Pilastro district, the Faculty of Agriculture and the CAAB.
Historical network (1880–1963)
|Number of lines||16 (maximum)|
|Began operation||2 October 1880|
|Ended operation||3 November 1963|
|Track gauge||1445 mm|
|Electrification||550 V DC (since 1904)|
- Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Bologna Centrale railway station
- Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta San Felice
- Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Barriera Santo Stefano
- Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta Maggiore
- Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta San Mamolo
- Piazza Vittorio Emanuele-Porta Saragozza.
The first two electrified lines began operating on 11 February 1904.
In 1953, it was decided that, starting from the following year, tramway lines would be gradually discontinued and transformed to bus and trolleybus lines. Service was officially discontinued on Sunday, 3 November 1963, when the last tramway service operated on the last remaining line to San Ruffillo.
- List of town tramway systems in Italy
- History of rail transport in Italy
- Rail transport in Italy
- List of tram and light rail transit systems
- "Trasporto pubblico metropolitano (TPM), ecco la rete integrata | Iperbole". Comune.bologna.it.
- "La rete tranviaria, una grande opportunità per la città | Iperbole". Comune.bologna.it.
- "Percorso di informazione e coinvolgimento a supporto della realizzazione della linea tranviaria". Partecipa.comune.bologna.it. 7 March 2019.
- Francesco Ogliari, Franco Sapi, Ritmi di ruote – Storia dei trasporti italiani volume 10°. Emilia-Romagna, Milano, 1969.
Media related to Tram transport in Bologna at Wikimedia Commons