United Provinces of Central Italy

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United Provinces of Central Italy

Province Unite del Centro Italia
Flag of Italy
The United Provinces of Central Italy (green)
The United Provinces of Central Italy (green)
StatusClient government of the Kingdom of Sardinia
Common languagesItalian, Tuscan, Emilian-Romagnol
• King
Victor Emmanuel II
• Governor General
Carlo Bon Compagni di Mombello
• Revolution
December 8 1859
• Annexation
March 22 1860
CurrencySardinian lira, Tuscan florin
ISO 3166 codeIT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Duchy of Parma
Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Papal Legations
Kingdom of Sardinia
Today part of Italy

The United Provinces of Central Italy, also known as Confederation of Central Italy or General Government of Central Italy, was a short-lived military government established by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. It was formed by a union of the former Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Duchy of Parma, Duchy of Modena, and the Papal Legations, after their monarchs were ousted by popular revolutions.

Since August 1859, the pro-Piedmontese regimes of Tuscany, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations entered into a group of military treaties. On 7 November 1859, they elected Eugenio Emanuele di Savoia-Carignano as their regent. However, King Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, who was allied to France which claimed a counterpart, refused to endorse the election, and sent Carlo Bon Compagni instead as the Governor General of Central Italy, who was responsible for the diplomatic and military affairs of the states.

On 8 December 1859, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations were incorporated into the Royal Provinces of Emilia. After plebiscites were held in March 1860, and France was granted Nice and Savoy, the territory was formally annexed to Piedmont-Sardinia.

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