Viceroy of Kush
|Viceroy of Kush in hieroglyphs|
King's Son of Kush
The former Kingdom of Kerma in Nubia, was a province of Ancient Egypt from the 16th century BCE to eleventh century BCE. During this period, the polity was ruled by a viceroy who reported directly to the Egyptian Pharaoh. It is believed that the Egyptian 25th Dynasty were descendants of these viceroys, and so were the dynasties that ruled independent Kush until the fourth century CE.
The 'King's Son of Kush' ruled the area north of the Third Cataract. The area was divided into Wawat in the north, centered at Aniba, and Kush in the south, centered at Soleb during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt and then Amara West. The title lapsed under Paiankh. Pinudjem II named one of his wives 'Superintendent of Southern Foreign Lands and Viceroy Kush'.
List of Viceroys
Below is a list of viceroys mainly based on a list assembled by George Reisner.
- Edwards, David (2004). The Nubian Past. Oxon: Routledge. pp. 106, 117. ISBN 9780415369886.
- Edwards, The Cambridge ancient history, Volumes 1-3, 2000, pg 299 and 348
- The Viceroys of Ethiopia (II) by George A. Reisner The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 6, No. 1. (Jan., 1920), pp. 73-88.
- Kitchen, K.A., Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume III, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
- Dodson, Poisoned Legacy: The Fall of the Nineteenth Egyptian Dynasty, American University in Cairo Press, 2010
- P. Pamminger, Göttinger Miszellen 137 (1993), 79-86
- Briant Bohleke, An Ex Voto of the Previously Unrecognized Viceroy Setmose, Göttinger Miszellen 85 (1985), 13-24
- Gerard P.F. Broekman, The Leading Theban Priests of Amun and their Families under Libyan Rule, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 96 (2010), pp. 125-148
- George A. Reisner, The Viceroys of Ethiopia, JEA 6 (1920), 28-55